HTML


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HTML

hypertext markup language: a text description language that is used for electronic publishing, esp on the World Wide Web

HTML

(computer science)

HTML

HTML

(HyperText Markup Language) The standard document format for Web pages, defined by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Every Web page contains HTML tags (codes) embedded in the text that define the page layout, fonts and hypertext links. The link contains the URL (address) of another Web page on that same server or any server worldwide, hence "World Wide" Web. The HTML tags also define the graphic elements on the page, each of which is a separate file on a local or remote server. See hypertext.

Since its inception by Tim Berners-Lee in the early 1990s, new versions of HTML have added features such as interactive forms, blinking text, custom backgrounds and tables of contents. To keep current, vendors have to update their Web browsers to accommodate the new tags; however, each new HTML version is backward compatible (mostly) with older versions.

HTML Itself "Is Not" a Programming Language
HTML was created as a markup language (the ML in HTML) to define how a Web page is formatted on screen. Although there are commands that accept user input and send it to the Web server, there is no "if this-do that" in HTML like there is in every programming language. In order to make Web pages behave like applications, JavaScript and PHP programming code are embedded within the HTML. There may be considerable processing at the server side as well. See JavaScript, PHP and Cascading Style Sheets.

HTML5 "Is" a Programming Language
Because version 5 of HTML formalized the use of JavaScript programming, HTML5 is considered a programming language; technically a Web application development language. Among other enhancements, HTML5 added support for audio and video, which otherwise required auxiliary software such as a media player and Flash (see HTML5). See HTML tag, XML, XHTML and SGML.


World Wide Web Linking
Web pages are accessed by their Web address, which is known as a "uniform resource locator" (URL). A website's home page is an HTML document, which contains links to other HTML documents that can be stored on the same server or on a Web server anywhere in the world.







Web Server Fundamentals
Web browsers communicate with Web servers via the TCP/IP protocol. The browser sends HTTP requests to the server, which responds with HTML pages and possibly additional programs in the form of ActiveX controls or Java applets. See HTTP.
References in periodicals archive ?
Under the Web's current architecture, HTML alone is incapable of delivering usable Web applications or directly accessing a Web Service.
Instead of being presentation oriented, as with HTML (in browsers) and PDF (in print and viewed by Acrobat Reader), XML enhances document content management while still enabling a variety of software programs to handle presentation and publication.
* Save As, then specifying the HTML document in the Save As type.
Other HTML editors of note are: HotDog (www.secure.sausage.
When SGML viewers are commonly available and widely supported by information providers, many of the representational problems of HTML text will become moot.
XHTML contains several important syntax changes from HTML. Since XML is case-sensitive, XHTML documents must use lower case for all HTML element and attribute names.
With the virtual printer, the user may now directly print his work from any Windows 95/98/NT application as HTML, which is the platform independent universal standard for networks.