HTML

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HTML

hypertext markup language: a text description language that is used for electronic publishing, esp on the World Wide Web

HTML

(computer science)

HTML

HTML

(HyperText Markup Language) The standard document format for Web pages, defined by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Every Web page contains HTML tags (codes) embedded in the text that define the page layout, fonts and hypertext links. The link contains the URL (address) of another Web page on that same server or any server worldwide, hence "World Wide" Web. The HTML tags also define the graphic elements on the page, each of which is a separate file on a local or remote server. See hypertext.

Since its inception by Tim Berners-Lee in the early 1990s, new versions of HTML have added features such as interactive forms, blinking text, custom backgrounds and tables of contents. To keep current, vendors have to update their Web browsers to accommodate the new tags; however, each new HTML version is backward compatible (mostly) with older versions.

HTML Itself "Is Not" a Programming Language
HTML was created as a markup language (the ML in HTML) to define how a Web page is formatted on screen. Although there are commands that accept user input and send it to the Web server, there is no "if this-do that" in HTML like there is in every programming language. In order to make Web pages behave like applications, JavaScript and PHP programming code are embedded within the HTML. There may be considerable processing at the server side as well. See JavaScript, PHP and Cascading Style Sheets.

HTML5 "Is" a Programming Language
Because version 5 of HTML formalized the use of JavaScript programming, HTML5 is considered a programming language; technically a Web application development language. Among other enhancements, HTML5 added support for audio and video, which otherwise required auxiliary software such as a media player and Flash (see HTML5). See HTML tag, XML, XHTML and SGML.


World Wide Web Linking
Web pages are accessed by their Web address, which is known as a "uniform resource locator" (URL). A website's home page is an HTML document, which contains links to other HTML documents that can be stored on the same server or on a Web server anywhere in the world.







Web Server Fundamentals
Web browsers communicate with Web servers via the TCP/IP protocol. The browser sends HTTP requests to the server, which responds with HTML pages and possibly additional programs in the form of ActiveX controls or Java applets. See HTTP.
References in periodicals archive ?
These descriptions are interesting and informative, but this information is separate from the official HTML 4.01 and XHTML 1.0 standards, and may be superfluous to the novice reader.
- High speed internet browsing via HTML/XHTML browsing, HTML 4.01 and JavaScript 1.3 supported
The most all-inclusive, up-to-date book on these languages available, it covers Netscape Navigator 6, Internet Explorer 6, HTML 4.01, XHTML 1.0, JavaScript 1.5, CSS2, Layers, and all of the features supported by the popular web browsers.
New features in this version include an integrated Web browser that lets you validate Web pages as you view them; an upgraded Batch Wizard to validate the links of an entire Web site; improved syntax checking and informational messages; checking for HTML 4.01, XHTML, WML, and more; improved interface with an integrated editor; and automatic link checking anytime a document is validated.
The NF browser provides a feature set that supports Internet standards like OMA Browsing 2.0, WML, HTML 4.01 and cHTML, as well as technologies such as Smart-Fit Rendering, which renders full web pages to fit the screen width of mobile devices, and Rapid-Render, a rendering technology that accelerates the presentation of web page data.
The NetFront browser supports OMA Browsing 2.2, WML, HTML 4.01 and cHTML and features technologies such as Rapid-Render, an incremental rendering technology that accelerates the presentation of web pages, and Smart-Fit Rendering, a rendering technology that renders web pages to fit the screen width of mobile devices, eliminating the need for horizontal scrolling.
Appendix A provides a quick reference to HTML 4.01. Even though the reader will not need to know any HTML to complete their web pages, it may be useful to have a basic knowledge about the tags used.