Habib Bourguiba

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bourguiba, Habib


Born Aug. 3, 1903, in Munastir. Tunisian politician and statesman.

A jurist by education and profession, Bourguiba graduated from the faculty of law at the Sorbonne and the Haute Ecole des Sciences Politiques in Paris in 1927. He had joined the Destour Party in 1922 and became the leader of its radical wing. From 1934, after the split in the Destour Party, he became secretary-general and then chairman of the Neo-Destour Party, which became the Socialist Destour Party in 1964. As a participant in the struggle for Tunisian independence he was arrested by the French colonial authorities in 1934 and again in 1938. In 1952 he was arrested and sent out of the country. He returned in June 1955. After the proclamation of Tunisian independence in March 1956 he became head of government. He became president on July 25, 1957, and, at the same time, head of government of the Tunisian Republic until November 1969.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Under a high security reinforcement, the funeral will go by the Habib Bourguiba equestrian statue located at the Habib Bourguiba Avenue.
GE-nay also underlined that several Ottoman sites in Tunisia including a castle in Ghar El Melh, a coastal town and former port in northeastern Tunisia, the tomb of Hayreddin Pasha, a grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire, and a pool in front of the palace of Habib Bourguiba, who was the founder and first president of the Republic of Tunisia, will be renovated.
Habib Bourguiba avenue, dubbed by some as the Tunisian "Champs Elysees," is a thoroughfare at the epicenter of Tunisia's capital, Tunis.
Quickly identified by the French as a troublemaker and frequently imprisoned by them, nevertheless, it was to Habib Bourguiba the French talked when autonomy for Tunisia became an imperative.
The Neo-Destour, founded in the 1930s by Habib Bourguiba, and his colleagues began as a break from the Destour party which was the first to challenge French colonial role.
(TAP) - Leaders of Machrou Tounes and Nidaa Tounes said they support a "programme to defend bourguibism and fight against the settling of scores targeting leader Habib Bourguiba" through trials decided within the framework of transitional justice.
Le ministere de l'Interieur( MI ) a averti Hamma Hammami du danger d'un attentat contre sa personne et l'a expressement prie de ne pas se rendre a l'Avenue Habib Bourguiba pour participer au sit-in qu'organise chaque mercredi le Front Populaire en vue de porter au clair les circonstances de l'assassinat de Chokri Belaid et de Mohamed Brahmi.
The demonstrators, numbering at least 1,000, shouted slogans against Ennahda, the ruling Islamist party, and sang the national anthem outside the ministry on Habib Bourguiba Avenue, epicentre of the 2011 uprising that ousted ex-dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
Apres avoir ete chasses de l'avenue centrale Habib Bourguiba, interdite, les manifestants ont rejoint un autre rassemblement sur l'avenue perpendiculaire Mohamed V.
The clashes erupted when security forces used to tear gas to prevent the people participating in the rally to reach Habib Bourguiba street, downtown Tunis.
Summary: BTA Airport Catering started to furnish service at the Monastir Habib Bourguiba International Airport in Tunisia.