Habib Bourguiba

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Bourguiba, Habib


Born Aug. 3, 1903, in Munastir. Tunisian politician and statesman.

A jurist by education and profession, Bourguiba graduated from the faculty of law at the Sorbonne and the Haute Ecole des Sciences Politiques in Paris in 1927. He had joined the Destour Party in 1922 and became the leader of its radical wing. From 1934, after the split in the Destour Party, he became secretary-general and then chairman of the Neo-Destour Party, which became the Socialist Destour Party in 1964. As a participant in the struggle for Tunisian independence he was arrested by the French colonial authorities in 1934 and again in 1938. In 1952 he was arrested and sent out of the country. He returned in June 1955. After the proclamation of Tunisian independence in March 1956 he became head of government. He became president on July 25, 1957, and, at the same time, head of government of the Tunisian Republic until November 1969.

References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed, Habib Bourguiba, of all Arab leaders and rulers in the twentieth century, was the only one who had social values CiCithat went beyond merely broadening the base of power through nationalization and agrarian reforms.
GE-nay also underlined that several Ottoman sites in Tunisia including a castle in Ghar El Melh, a coastal town and former port in northeastern Tunisia, the tomb of Hayreddin Pasha, a grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire, and a pool in front of the palace of Habib Bourguiba, who was the founder and first president of the Republic of Tunisia, will be renovated.
Habib Bourguiba avenue, dubbed by some as the Tunisian "Champs Elysees," is a thoroughfare at the epicenter of Tunisia's capital, Tunis.
The former president of Tunisia, Habib Bourguiba died in his hometown of Monastir, a port city 110 miles south of Tunis on 6 April 2000, in his 100th year.
At independence, the administrative elite led by President Habib Bourguiba, took control of the political apparatus of the state.
Le stationnement et l'arret des vehicules sont interdits sur les Avenues Ali Balhouane et Habib Bourguiba a la Marsa a partir de ce mercredi 31 janvier a partir de 12H00 jusqu'au jeudi 1er fevrier a 16H00.
The body of the deceased will be transferred to Habib Bourguiba University Hospital in Bizerte.
Le ministere de l'Interieur( MI ) a averti Hamma Hammami du danger d'un attentat contre sa personne et l'a expressement prie de ne pas se rendre a l'Avenue Habib Bourguiba pour participer au sit-in qu'organise chaque mercredi le Front Populaire en vue de porter au clair les circonstances de l'assassinat de Chokri Belaid et de Mohamed Brahmi.
La tension restait tres vive hier lundi dans le centre-ville de Tunis, les policiers chargeant et tirant des lacrymogenes sur des manifestants replies dans les alentours de l'avenue Habib Bourguiba, oE un rassemblement venait d'etre violemment disperse, a constate l'AFP.
The clashes erupted when security forces used to tear gas to prevent the people participating in the rally to reach Habib Bourguiba street, downtown Tunis.
Summary: BTA Airport Catering started to furnish service at the Monastir Habib Bourguiba International Airport in Tunisia.
Habib Bourguiba, who led the country's fight for independence, died at age 96.