Habitat


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habitat

the environment in which an animal or plant normally lives or grows

Habitat

The sum of the environmental conditions that determine the existence of a community in a specific place where humans, animals, plants, and microorganisms live and its surroundings, both living and nonliving.

Habitat

 

an area of land or water occupied by an organism, a group of a single species, a biocenosis, or a synousia and possessing all conditions required for its existence (climate, topography, soil, food).

The habitat of a species is defined as the total area within the species’ range of distribution that satisfies the species’ ecological requirements. The habitat of a population is the part of the species’ habitat that will guarantee the existence of a population. The habitat of an individual is the actual area occupied by a given individual in all phases of its development. There are also animal habitats of family, herd, flock, or colony. There are plant habitats of groves, beds, and other communities. In terms of the use of a habitat, organisms are classified as stenotopic, occupying similar habitats only, and eurytopic, capable of occupying a variety of habitats within the given range of distribution.

The habitats of many species vary with the stage of development in the organism’s life cycle. For example, the larvae of amphibians usually live in water, and the adults on land. Many parasites have a dormant phase outside the given host and an active phase within the host (often limited even to certain organs). The various developmental phases of many parasitic plants are associated with different plant hosts. The part of the habitat that a species occupies for a limited time only (a season, a part of a day) or for a particular purpose (feeding, reproduction) is called a station. The habitat of a biocenosis is called a biotope.

REFERENCES

Naumov, N. P. Ekologiia zhivotnykh, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1963.
Osnovy lesnoi biogeotsenologii. Edited by V. N. Sukachev and N. V. Dylis. Moscow, 1964.

N. P. NAUMOV

habitat

[′hab·ə‚tat]
(ecology)
The part of the physical environment in which a plant or animal lives.

Habitat

(networking, graphics)
The original term for on-line graphical virtual communities or worlds. Created at Lucasfilm in 1985 by Randy Farmer and Chip Morningstar.

http://communities.com/habitat.html.
References in periodicals archive ?
'Nissan is deeply committed to the areas where our customers, employees and dealers live and work, and our partnership with Habitat for Humanity is one way that we invest in these communities,' said Travis Parman, vice president, Corporate Communications, Nissan North America, Inc.
* Ability to repay no-interest mortgage held by Habitat;
CDC Habitat is a semi-public company that is fully consolidated within and fully controlled by CDC.
The declaration or designation of a critical habitat will compel all stakeholders, led by the DENR, local government units (LGUs), private companies and community-based groups to come together, craft and implement an effective management plan, to ensure the survival of threatened species.
'I have made my commitment to the Cabinet Secretary for Foreign Affairs Ambassador Monica Juma and the CS of Infrastructure James Macharia that UN-Habitat is ready to offer its expertise to support the government to achieve its Big Four agenda, in particular, the one of availing one million houses to low income groups,' the UN Habitat executive director held.
LAHORE -- Punjab Wildlife Policy and Action Plan is being chalked out to protect natural habitats of wildlife and meet various other challenges.
The abundance and distribution of grey francolin is largely affected by habitat characteristics such as canopy and, thickness of vegetation, variety of habitat, soil moisture content and, easy access to food (Wijeyamohn et al., 2003).
To get involved with Henderson County Habitat, call 828-694-0340.
Habitat fragmentation involves the division of large, contiguous areas of habitat into smaller patches isolated from one another (Darren et al.
Answer: We are very excited with the opening of Habitat Manila and are very thankful for the positive response of the market.
In celebration of the upcoming build project, Habitat for Humanity Nepal held a groundbreaking ceremony on Aug.