Hacilar


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Hacilar

 

the remains of a Neolithic and Aeneolithic settlement in Turkey, 25 km west of the city of Burdur. Hacilar was excavated between 1957 and 1960 by a British expedition led by J. Mellart. The lower levels yielded the remains of a culture of hunters and gatherers in transition to the land-cultivation stage, similar to the prepottery Neolithic culture of Jericho (second half of the eighth and early seventh millennia B.C.); finds included the remains of pisé dwellings, barley grains, and stone vessels.

In the second half of the sixth and early fifth millennia B.C., Ha-cilar was a settlement of settled farmers and stock raisers. It consisted of small dwellings and was surrounded by a defensive wall. Among the finds were pieces of copper ore, a variety of pottery (some of it painted), and female clay figurines. Hacilar has much in common with the sites of early agricultural settlements in the southern Balkans.

REFERENCES

Masson, V. M. Sredniaia Aziia i Drevnii Vostok. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Mellart, J. Excavations at Hacilar, vols. 1–2. Edinburgh, 1970.
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