Hades


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Hades

(hā`dēz), in Greek and Roman religion and mythology. 1 The ruler of the underworld: see PlutoPluto,
in Greek religion and mythology, god of the underworld, son of Kronos and Rhea; also called Hades. After the fall of the Titans, Pluto and his brothers Zeus and Poseidon divided the universe, and Pluto was awarded everything underground.
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. 2 The world of the dead, ruled by Pluto and Persephone, located either underground or in the far west beyond the inhabited regions. It was separated from the land of the living by the rivers Styx [hateful], Lethe [forgetfulness], Acheron [woeful], Phlegethon [fiery], and Cocytus [wailing]. The newly arrived dead were ferried across the Styx by the avaricious old ferryman Charon, whom they paid with the coin that was placed in their mouths when they were buried. Unauthorized spirits who tried to enter or leave Hades were challenged by the fearful dog Cerberus. The honey cake that the Greeks buried with the dead was intended to quiet him. All the dead drank of the river of forgetfulness. The judges of the dead—Minos, Aeacus, and Rhadamanthus—assigned to each soul its appropriate abode. The virtuous and the heroic were rewarded in the Elysian fieldsElysian fields
or Elysium
, in Greek religion and mythology, happy otherworld for heroes favored by the gods. Identified with the Fortunate Isles or Isles of the Blest, Elysium was situated in the distant west, at the edge of the world.
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; wrongdoers were sent to TartarusTartarus,
in Greek mythology, lowest region of the underworld. The wicked (e.g., Sisyphus, Tantalus, and Ixion) were sent to Tartarus as punishment for their sins.
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; and most wandered as dull shadows among fields of asphodel.
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Enlarge picture
A woodcut of an Assyrian seal depicting the descent of Ishtar into Hades. Reproduced by permission of Fortean Picture Library.

Hades

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Hades is one of the eight hypothetical planets (sometimes referred to as the trans-Neptunian points or planets, or TNPs for short) utilized in Uranian astrology. The Uranian system, sometimes referred to as the Hamburg School of Astrology, was established by Friedrich Sieggrün (1877–1951) and Alfred Witte (1878–1943). It relies heavily on hard aspects and midpoints. In decline for many decades, it has experienced a revival in recent years.

Hades is associated with such negative conditions and substances as poverty, ugliness, garbage, dirt, sickness, bacteria, loneliness, debasement, vulgarity, and crime. It is also connected with “past lifetimes,” the ancient past, and secrets, and in certain combinations can even represent ancient wisdom and the older sciences. This hypothetical planet can have positive meanings, particularly when found in the horoscopes of individuals who deal with such Hades matters as the healing of disease.

Based on the speculative orbits of the Uranian planets, the Kepler, Solar Fire and Win*Star software program will all locate this hypothetical planet in an astrological chart.

Sources:

Lang-Wescott, Martha. Mechanics of the Future: Asteroids. Rev. ed. Conway, MA: Treehouse Mountain, 1991.
Simms, Maria Kay. Dial Detective: Investigation with the 90 Degree Dial. San Diego: Astro Computing Services, 1989.
The Astrology Book, Second Edition © 2003 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.

Hades

the great underworld. [Gk. Myth.: NCE, 1219]
See: Hell

Hades

realm of departed spirits. [Gk. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 499]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Hades

1. Greek myth
a. the underworld abode of the souls of the dead
b. Pluto, the god of the underworld, brother of Zeus and husband of Persephone
2. New Testament the abode or state of the dead
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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In the 8th century BC, the poet Hesiod described how the Titans, the first generation of gods, were imprisoned in Tartarus, the deepest pocket in Hades. Hades is the underworld realm of the dead, and according to Hesiod's Theogony, "dim Tartarus" is "as far beneath the earth as heaven is above earth." It's a district of perpetual darkness, "loathsome and dank." These ancient pagan ideas influenced early Christianity's developing concept of Hell, which had to be remote from Heaven.
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Notes, letters, and diary entries written in the voices of Persephone, Demeter, and Hades reveal the complex inner workings of this triad, but Zucker foregrounds Persephone's story.