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(both: hädrəmout`, –môt`), region, S Arabia, on the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea, occupying the southeastern part of Yemen. Historically, the name refers to the former Hadhramaut states, a collective term for the Quaiti and Kathiri sultanates. The chief port and city of the region is MukallaMukalla
, town (1994 pop. 94,051), S Yemen, a port on the Gulf of Aden. It is the chief settlement of the Hadhramaut and the capital of the former sultanate of Qaiti. Fish products, tobacco, and coffee are exported. Dhows are built there.
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. The Hadhramaut extends c.400 mi (640 km) from east to west, encompassing a larger area the Yemeni Hadhramaut governate. It consists of a narrow, arid coastal plain, a broad plateau averaging 4,500 ft (1,370 m) high, a region of deeply sunk wadis (watercourses), and an escarpment fronting the desert. The sedentary population, the Hadranis, live in towns built along the wadis and harvest crops of wheat, corn, millet, dates, coconuts, and coffee. On the plateau the Bedouins raise sheep and goats. The Hadhramaut is called HazarmavethHazarmaveth
, in the Bible, son of Joktan and eponym of the present-day region of Hadhramaut.
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 in the Bible.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a historical region in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The state of Hadhramaut arose in the region circa 1,000 B.C. Its capital was Shabwah.

References to Hadhramaut are found in the Bible, the writings of classical authors, and Sabaean inscriptions of the fifth and sixth centuries B.C. The state was apparently allied with the state of Saba at various times. For example, in the first century A.D. (according to some sources, the third century) the king of Hadhramaut concluded an alliance with the king of Saba against the Aksum kingdom. Hadhramaut is also known to have been allied with Saba and Aksum against the Himyarite kingdom in the second century A.D In the fourth century Hadhramaut was conquered by the Himyarites and was incorporated into the Himyarite kingdom.

Islam and the Arabic languages spread throughout Hadhramaut after the arrival of the Arabs in the first half of the seventh century. In the seventh and eighth centuries the region became one of the first areas to be embraced by the Kharijite movement.

Hadhramaut was ruled by Oman until the mid-11th century, when it was incorporated into the Yemenite states. In the early 19th century it was invaded by the Wahhabis. In 1888, Great Britain established a protectorate over Quaiti, the largest state in Hadhramaut, and in 1918 it established a protectorate over the Kathiri state. In the late 1930’s, Hadhramaut was incorporated into the Eastern Aden Protectorate.

As a result of the armed national liberation struggle of the people of Southern Yemen, Hadhramaut in 1967 became part of the independent People’s Republic of Southern Yemen (since 1970, the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Hadramaut
a plateau region of the S Arabian Peninsula, in SE Yemen on the Indian Ocean; formerly in South Yemen: corresponds roughly to the former East Aden Protectorate. Area: about 151 500 sq. km (58 500 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In Hadhramaut province, the Masila (Block 14) region proved to be quite rich in oil.
PetroMasila's CEO Muhammad bin Sumait wants to take over oil producing companies, like Dove Petroleum of the UK, which depend on the export pipeline from Masila to as-Shihr in Hadhramaut. PetroMasila operates this pipeline.
During the 1st and 2nd century the main kingdoms were Saba, Himyar, Qataban and Hadhramaut. The 2nd century is marked by the disparition of Qataban, around 175 A.D.
The other runs in the restive province of Hadhramaut. The Ministry of Petroleum & Mineral Resources (MPMR) is trying hard to keep both pipelines and the gasline operating, with three Yemeni Armed Forces (YAF) divisions defending them.
Hadhramaut: the biggest sheep dealer is a woman The biggest and baddest sheep dealer in this Yemeni governorate is not some swindling old man.
The president insists he will not step down and leave Yemen, telling his supporters on 13 May: "We will encounter defiance with stronger defiance." The crackdown on demonstrations and absence of agreement in the negotiations between the government and the opposition, analysts say, mean insecurity and instability will continue to increase throughout the country, even in relatively stable governorates like Hadhramaut. According to Michael Horton of the Jamestown Foundation, frequent use of violence against demonstrators could also drive Yemenis from a range of political and tribal groups to take up arms against it.
Yemen, May 27, 2019, SPA -- The King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center (KSrelief) has continued, for the 21th day in a row of the holy month of Ramadan, the distribution of Iftar (breakfast) meals in the governorates of Dhale, Ma'rib and Hadhramaut in Yemen, where 3712 Iftar meals were distributed.
ADEN, April 13 (KUNA) -- Yemen's House of Representatives resumed its sessions in Seiyun city, Hadhramaut governorate, on Saturday after a four-year suspension forced by the fall of Sanaa in the hands of the Houthi militias.
SINGAPORE: The first car to arrive in Tarim, a historic town in the Hadhramaut Valley of Yemen, was an American Studebaker.
02 : 27 PM - 26/05/2018 Hadhramaut, May 26 (BNA): Emirates Rec Crescent, ERC, team members have continued their distribution of Iftar meals to underprivileged persons and families during the holy month of Ramadan, UAE news agency (WAM) reported.
Meanwhile, the pro-legitimacy forces in Yemen, through the Hadhramaut Elite forces, and supported by the Saudi-led Arab Coalition Forces and UAE Forces, managed to enter Wadi Al Masini and controlled the entry points leading to the coast, which are considered key strongholds of the Al Qaida in Hadhramaut.