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(both: hädrəmout`, –môt`), region, S Arabia, on the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea, occupying the southeastern part of Yemen. Historically, the name refers to the former Hadhramaut states, a collective term for the Quaiti and Kathiri sultanates. The chief port and city of the region is MukallaMukalla
, town (1994 pop. 94,051), S Yemen, a port on the Gulf of Aden. It is the chief settlement of the Hadhramaut and the capital of the former sultanate of Qaiti. Fish products, tobacco, and coffee are exported. Dhows are built there.
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. The Hadhramaut extends c.400 mi (640 km) from east to west, encompassing a larger area the Yemeni Hadhramaut governate. It consists of a narrow, arid coastal plain, a broad plateau averaging 4,500 ft (1,370 m) high, a region of deeply sunk wadis (watercourses), and an escarpment fronting the desert. The sedentary population, the Hadranis, live in towns built along the wadis and harvest crops of wheat, corn, millet, dates, coconuts, and coffee. On the plateau the Bedouins raise sheep and goats. The Hadhramaut is called HazarmavethHazarmaveth
, in the Bible, son of Joktan and eponym of the present-day region of Hadhramaut.
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 in the Bible.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a historical region in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The state of Hadhramaut arose in the region circa 1,000 B.C. Its capital was Shabwah.

References to Hadhramaut are found in the Bible, the writings of classical authors, and Sabaean inscriptions of the fifth and sixth centuries B.C. The state was apparently allied with the state of Saba at various times. For example, in the first century A.D. (according to some sources, the third century) the king of Hadhramaut concluded an alliance with the king of Saba against the Aksum kingdom. Hadhramaut is also known to have been allied with Saba and Aksum against the Himyarite kingdom in the second century A.D In the fourth century Hadhramaut was conquered by the Himyarites and was incorporated into the Himyarite kingdom.

Islam and the Arabic languages spread throughout Hadhramaut after the arrival of the Arabs in the first half of the seventh century. In the seventh and eighth centuries the region became one of the first areas to be embraced by the Kharijite movement.

Hadhramaut was ruled by Oman until the mid-11th century, when it was incorporated into the Yemenite states. In the early 19th century it was invaded by the Wahhabis. In 1888, Great Britain established a protectorate over Quaiti, the largest state in Hadhramaut, and in 1918 it established a protectorate over the Kathiri state. In the late 1930’s, Hadhramaut was incorporated into the Eastern Aden Protectorate.

As a result of the armed national liberation struggle of the people of Southern Yemen, Hadhramaut in 1967 became part of the independent People’s Republic of Southern Yemen (since 1970, the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Hadramaut
a plateau region of the S Arabian Peninsula, in SE Yemen on the Indian Ocean; formerly in South Yemen: corresponds roughly to the former East Aden Protectorate. Area: about 151 500 sq. km (58 500 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, Hodeida, Ibb, and Dhamar Governorates came next on the list with a total 200 deaths, while Hadhramawt Governorate was the least with 13 suspected cases, said WHO.
His destination was the town of Seiyoun in the Hadhramawt Governorate, but there were several obstacles he would have to cross before then.
In April they arrested Ahmad Ba-Mu'allim in Hadhramawt; his whereabouts remained unknown until lawyers for HOOD, a rights organization, got access to him in San'a's War Prison in July.
In March a suicide bomber killed four South Korean tourists in Hadhramawt, and in August a suicide bomber who crossed into Saudi Arabia nearly assassinated the Saudi counterterrorism chief, Prince Muhammad bin Nayef.
The resin harvest was brought from Somaliland, Dhofar in western Oman, and the island of Soqotra and transported to towns in the Hadhramawt region of eastern Yemen.
"We will be travelling by road this time, because last time, we travelled by air from Muscat to Sudan, and from there to Seiyoun in the Hadhramawt Governorate, but that airport has now been closed," he added.
It said security authorities had arrested Hadhramawt Press' editor Awad Kashmeem in March, seized his personal papers, and confiscated all his belongings.
ADEN, May 3 (KUNA) -- Six civilians were killed and eight others injured in a blast caused by an explosive device in Yemen's southeastern Hadhramawt province on Friday, the governor said.
Representatives of the Yemeni government, the General People's Congress and Ansarullah group discussed during their hour-long session maintaining of the ceasefire and a proposal to condemn terrorist acts committed by Al-Qaeda in Hadhramawt. Consultations among the Yemeni parties met today morning to discuss how to maintain ceasefire, an item that dominated discussions since they were launched last Thursday under direct supervision of UN Secretary General's Special Envoy for Yemen Ismael Ould Cheikh Ahmad.
but delayed for three hours because they were waiting non-government parties to decided on whether to condemn Al-Qaeda's acts in Hadhramawt, a government official said.
Meanwhile, a security source in eastern Hadhramawt province said unknown gunmen assassinated an intelligence officer.
British troops in the provinces of Ma'rib, Hadhramawt, Abyen and Shabwa.