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(both: hädrəmout`, –môt`), region, S Arabia, on the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea, occupying the southeastern part of Yemen. Historically, the name refers to the former Hadhramaut states, a collective term for the Quaiti and Kathiri sultanates. The chief port and city of the region is MukallaMukalla
, town (1994 pop. 94,051), S Yemen, a port on the Gulf of Aden. It is the chief settlement of the Hadhramaut and the capital of the former sultanate of Qaiti. Fish products, tobacco, and coffee are exported. Dhows are built there.
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. The Hadhramaut extends c.400 mi (640 km) from east to west, encompassing a larger area the Yemeni Hadhramaut governate. It consists of a narrow, arid coastal plain, a broad plateau averaging 4,500 ft (1,370 m) high, a region of deeply sunk wadis (watercourses), and an escarpment fronting the desert. The sedentary population, the Hadranis, live in towns built along the wadis and harvest crops of wheat, corn, millet, dates, coconuts, and coffee. On the plateau the Bedouins raise sheep and goats. The Hadhramaut is called HazarmavethHazarmaveth
, in the Bible, son of Joktan and eponym of the present-day region of Hadhramaut.
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 in the Bible.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a historical region in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The state of Hadhramaut arose in the region circa 1,000 B.C. Its capital was Shabwah.

References to Hadhramaut are found in the Bible, the writings of classical authors, and Sabaean inscriptions of the fifth and sixth centuries B.C. The state was apparently allied with the state of Saba at various times. For example, in the first century A.D. (according to some sources, the third century) the king of Hadhramaut concluded an alliance with the king of Saba against the Aksum kingdom. Hadhramaut is also known to have been allied with Saba and Aksum against the Himyarite kingdom in the second century A.D In the fourth century Hadhramaut was conquered by the Himyarites and was incorporated into the Himyarite kingdom.

Islam and the Arabic languages spread throughout Hadhramaut after the arrival of the Arabs in the first half of the seventh century. In the seventh and eighth centuries the region became one of the first areas to be embraced by the Kharijite movement.

Hadhramaut was ruled by Oman until the mid-11th century, when it was incorporated into the Yemenite states. In the early 19th century it was invaded by the Wahhabis. In 1888, Great Britain established a protectorate over Quaiti, the largest state in Hadhramaut, and in 1918 it established a protectorate over the Kathiri state. In the late 1930’s, Hadhramaut was incorporated into the Eastern Aden Protectorate.

As a result of the armed national liberation struggle of the people of Southern Yemen, Hadhramaut in 1967 became part of the independent People’s Republic of Southern Yemen (since 1970, the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Hadramaut
a plateau region of the S Arabian Peninsula, in SE Yemen on the Indian Ocean; formerly in South Yemen: corresponds roughly to the former East Aden Protectorate. Area: about 151 500 sq. km (58 500 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In the south-eastern province of Hadramout, Hadhrami Elite Forces, backed by Emirati fighter jets, pushed into four remote districts northeast of the province to prevent Al Qaida militants from regrouping and staging attacks.
The ceremony was attended by Yemen's Deputy Prime Minister, the Saudi ambassador, the US ambassador and the governor of Hadramout.
Hadramout: Up to 1,400 people from Al Fujair area in Trim district, Hadramout, benefited from urgent relief aid distributed by the Emirates Red Crescent, ERC, as part of the UAE surge plan to ease the suffering of the Yemeni people.
14: Colonel Abdulghani Al-Maqaleh, director of the Yemen Economic Corporation (YECO) branch in Sayoun city, was assassinated by two gunmen on a motorbike in Sayoun, Hadramout.
"Yemeni Army Forces launched a successful army operation and stormed a terrorist cell inside a house in Qattan region of Hadramout province," YemeniEe defense ministry said, Xinhua reported.
Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) wrote on its Twitter account last week that the group had killed 14 Yemeni soldiers who were kidnapped while returning home from duty on a public bus in Hadramout last Friday, three hours after they were abducted.
In addition to attacks on the army, the recently formed alliance of tribes in Hadramout has sabotaged pipelines in the region at least two times in recent weeks.
The pipeline attacked transports crude oil from Massila oil field in Hadramout to the port of Mukkala.
Les autorites yemenites ont arrete un chef local d'Al-Qaida et quatre insurges dans la province du Hadramout (sud-est) oE l'armee mene une offensive contre des repaires du reseau extremiste, a annonce hier lundi le ministere de la Defense.
11 (Xinhua-ANI): Yemeni senior military officials confirmed the killing of Saeed Ali al-Shihri, the second- in-command of the Yemen-based al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), along with six other terrorists, in an army raid in southeastern province of Hadramout Monday.
Sanaa, June 17 (Petra) -- A senior Yemeni officer was killed and two others in his company were injured on Sunday after a bomb planted in his car went off in the eastern Hadramout region.
NNA - 15/04/2012 (Reuters) - A roadside bomb targeting a Yemeni security patrol killed three children on their way to school in the southern province of Hadramout on Sunday, the Defence Ministry said.