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see SusahSusah
or Sousse
, ancient Hadrumetum, city (1994 pop. 125,000), NE Tunisia, on the Gulf of Hammamat, an arm of the Mediterranean Sea. It is a fishing port and export point for olive oil. The city was founded c.9th cent. B.C. by the Phoenicians.
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, Tunisia.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Susa), a city on the eastern coast of Tunisia, on the Gulf of Hammamet. Population, 70,000 (1973). Sousse is the capital of the vilayet of Sousse and an important industrial and transportation center. A port, with a freight turnover of 393,000 tons (1974), it is a highway junction and has a railroad station. Among the city’s enterprises are plants for the production of textiles and vegetable oil, metalworking plants, and a plant for assembling motor vehicles. Handicrafts from saffian are also produced. Sousse has a thermal electric power plant.

The city was founded at the beginning of the first millennium B.C. as Hadrumetum by the Phoenicians and was an important center of the Carthaginian state. Between the second century B.C. and the fifth century A.D. it was controlled first by Rome and then by Byzantium. In the late seventh century it was conquered by the Arabs. Sousse still has numerous remains of Roman buildings and catacombs. The medieval part of the city is surrounded by walls (859) and has several architectural monuments, including the Great Mosque (850). Since the mid-20th century the New Town has developed near the port, beyond the walls of the Old Town. Sousse has museums of archaeology and Islamic art. A health resort, the city is a popular tourist site.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


, Susa, Susah
a port in E Tunisia, on the Mediterranean: founded by the Phoenicians in the 9th century bc. Pop.: 191 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005