Hafiz Ibrahim

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hafiz Ibrahim


(Muhammad Hafiz Ibrahim). Born 1870 or 1872 in Dayrut; died July 31, 1932, in Cairo. Egyptian Arab poet. One of the founders (together with A. Shawqi) of the neoclassical movement in Arabic poetry in the first half of the 20th century.

Hafiz Ibrahim came from a working-class family. He graduated from the Sidi Badawi Madrasa in Tanta and from the Military Academy in Cairo in 1891. In 1890, while serving in the Anglo-Egyptian army in the Sudan, he took part in an anti-British demonstration by Egyptian officers and was discharged from the army.

Hafiz Ibrahim’s lyric poetry, which reached its highest level of artistry and greatest popularity in the first decade of the 1900’s, reflected the growing national and democratic consciousness of the Egyptian people. Profoundly influenced by M. Abdo and other Islamic reformers, Hafiz Ibrahim called for resistance to the British colonialists in the name of Egypt’s unique national heritage. Constantly turning to his country’s past, lyrically depicting the native landscape, and idealizing Egypt and the Egyptian fellah, he in many ways anticipated the strong nationalist trend in Egyptian literature in the 1920’s and 1930’s. His works brought him fame as “the poet of the Nile.”

In 1903, Hafiz Ibrahim translated V. Hugo’s Les Misérables and selections from Shakespeare’s Hamlet into Arabic. He wrote the Utopian publicist work “The Night of Satih” (1906), which sharply criticized the British colonial regime in Egypt and continued the traditions of the maqama prose genre in modern Arabic literature.


Krymskii, A. E. Istoriia novoi arabskoi literatury: XIX–nachalo XX v. Moscow, 1971.
Kotsarev, N. K. Pisateli Egipta (XX vek). Moscow, 1975.
Khouri, M. A. Poetry and the Making of Modern Egypt (1822–1922). Leiden, 1971.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The meeting was chaired by secretary E and SE Arshad Khan and director Dr Hafiz Ibrahim, with district education officers of all the districts, including tribal subdivisions and newly merged districts in attendance.
Hafiz Ibrahim, with participation of District Education Officers of all the districts including FRs and newly merged districts.
Director Elementary and Secondary Education Hafiz Ibrahim, District Education Officer was present on this occasion.
Addressing district education officers, Hafiz Ibrahim there was a self-accountability process before departmental accountability and all the complaints were properly investigated and addressed.
The DEO hafiz Ibrahim, PRP district manager Ayaz Khan and deputy DEO Muhammad Riaz enrolled children below five years to different schools on the occasion and formally launched the drive.
I applied emergency brakes as I was panicked and my kids started shouting,' said Hafiz Ibrahim, a local resident.
Sardarzada Mir Saeed Langove, candidate for PB 37 Hafiz Ibrahim Lehri and other MMA leaders were gathered to welcome Ghafoor Haidri.
Following the consensus among all religious groups, Noorullah was unanimously announced as the provincial president of MMA Balochistan chapter, Hashmi as SVP, Allama Zahid as VP, Qadri VP, Maulana Abdul Razza Kharani VP, Provincial General Secretary Maulana Ali Abu Turab, Deputy GS Maulana Baloch, DGS Syed Zahoor-ul-Haq Shah, DGS Malik Sikandar Advocate, Information Secretary Hafiz Ibrahim Lehri, Deputy Information Secretary Abdul Wali Shakir and Zahid Akhter Baloch will serve in MMA as the finance secretary.
VICE President Yemi Osinbajo on Saturday in Kano attended the wedding Fatiha of his Personal Assistant, Alhaji Hafiz Ibrahim Kawu.
Located on Hafiz Ibrahim Street, the property is in close proximity to the beach and close to Ajman's shopping district.
Sudan OIC Permanent Representative and the Sudanese ambassador to Saudi Arabia, Abdel Hafiz Ibrahim, said that the opening session of the Islamic Summit in Indonesia zt thr lrvrl of head states and governments on Monday will be chaired by President al-Bashir because Sudan is chosen as the deputy chairman of the Islamic organization for this session.
Diplomats contacted by Arab News -- Pakistani Ambassador Mohammed Naeem Khan, Sudanese Ambassador Abdel Hafiz Ibrahim, Indian Charge d'Affaires Sibi George, Sri Lankan Ambassador V.