Genesis 21:12-13) Hagar and Ishmael
then left the home of Sarah and Abraham.
To name a few: Adam and Eve, Cain, Abraham and Sarah, Hagar and Ishmael
, Jacob and his wives and children, Moses and the entire population of the Exodus, Naomi and Ruth, David, Elijah, Amos, Esther, Paul, and all the apostles.
Ibrahim (Abraham) left Hagar and Ishmael
in Canaan with a limited supply of food and water.
As opposed to their analysis of chapter 16, Radak and Ramban remain silent about the parallel narrative in chapter 21, when Abraham and Sarah banished Hagar and Ishmael
The conflict between Sarah and Hagar increased and eventually Abraham kicks Hagar and Ishmael
out the house.
In treating such characters as Melchizedek, Hagar and Ishmael
, Jethro, Rachav, Ruth, Cyrus, and others, Salkin seeks to uphold these ancient figures as role models for contemporary Jewish-gentile relationships, reminding his fellow Jews of the tremendous debt they owe to the gentile world.
This sequence of events suggests that Isaac visited Hagar and Ishmael
following their expulsion from the household (ch.
Islam's celebrations of Hagar and Ishmael
finding Mecca and their discovery of water are described in equal detail.
also shows how Martin Luther, by contrast, was very approving of Hagar and provided "the most sympathetic, heartfelt account of the story of Hagar and Ishmael
in the early modern period" (16).
She worries that Abraham might send them away, for with this new heir Hagar and Ishmael
are no longer "needed" in the same way.
154-55), the biblical account is referenced, but then expanded to include the Muslim sources that tie Hagar and Ishmael
to the well of Zamzam in Mecca as well as the tradition that Ishmael was the son of Abraham ordered to be sacrificed (Q 37:102-6).
Despite Sarah's forcing Hagar and Ishmael
to be exiled, it is clear that Isaac continued to have some connections with Ishmael.