Shortly, after the birth of Isaac, Sarah told Abraham to send away her maidservant Hagar and Ishmael
. Abraham was saddened because Ishmael was his son.
To name a few: Adam and Eve, Cain, Abraham and Sarah, Hagar and Ishmael
, Jacob and his wives and children, Moses and the entire population of the Exodus, Naomi and Ruth, David, Elijah, Amos, Esther, Paul, and all the apostles.
Midrash Agadah on this verse explains that after his father's death Isaac chose to spend extended periods of time in close proximity to Hagar and Ishmael
whom he found consoling.
Ibrahim (Abraham) left Hagar and Ishmael
in Canaan with a limited supply of food and water.
The conflict between Sarah and Hagar increased and eventually Abraham kicks Hagar and Ishmael
out the house.
In treating such characters as Melchizedek, Hagar and Ishmael
, Jethro, Rachav, Ruth, Cyrus, and others, Salkin seeks to uphold these ancient figures as role models for contemporary Jewish-gentile relationships, reminding his fellow Jews of the tremendous debt they owe to the gentile world.
Take the case of Hagar and Ishmael
. Even though Ishmael is circumcised along with Abraham in Gen.
Islam's celebrations of Hagar and Ishmael
finding Mecca and their discovery of water are described in equal detail.
also shows how Martin Luther, by contrast, was very approving of Hagar and provided "the most sympathetic, heartfelt account of the story of Hagar and Ishmael
in the early modern period" (16).
She worries that Abraham might send them away, for with this new heir Hagar and Ishmael
are no longer "needed" in the same way.
The Bible says Sarah banished Hagar and Ishmael
. Ishmaelites are despised throughout the Bible.
154-55), the biblical account is referenced, but then expanded to include the Muslim sources that tie Hagar and Ishmael
to the well of Zamzam in Mecca as well as the tradition that Ishmael was the son of Abraham ordered to be sacrificed (Q 37:102-6).