Hague Tribunal

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Hague Tribunal

Hague Tribunal, popular name for the Permanent Court of Arbitration established in 1899 by a convention of the First Hague Peace Conference to facilitate arbitration and other forms of dispute resolution between states. Its headquarters are at The Hague, the Netherlands. In 2016 there were 119 members adhering to the tribunal's conventions.

Each member nation may appoint to the court up to four jurists versed in international law. A case is initiated when two or more nations sign a compromise, an agreement to submit a dispute to arbitration. The disputants may either select arbitrators from the panel to hear their case or they may have two arbitrators choose an umpire before whom the hearing will be held. The tribunal also maintains a list of arbitrators who specialize in the environment and natural resources. Tribunals sit at The Hague unless another place is specified in the compromise. The Hague Tribunal is administered by the International Bureau, which provides administrative support and has custody of archives, and by the Administrative Council, which is composed of the diplomatic envoys of member nations accredited to the Netherlands and shapes the policy of the organization.

Important cases include the final settlement (1904) of the Venezuela Claims, the North Atlantic Coast Fisheries Arbitration (1910) between the United States and Great Britain, the territorial dispute (1998) between Yemen and Eritrea over islands in the Red Sea, the Eritean-Ethiopian boundary dispute (2002) and war damages claims (2009), and the determination of the boundaries of the contested Abyei region of Sudan (2009). After World War I the Hague Tribunal lost most of its importance to the World Court, which was in 1945 superseded by the International Court of Justice. Unlike the International Court of Justice, the tribunal also hears cases between a nation and a private party.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Apostolski, on the other hand, argues that returning the cases to the Hague Tribunal is impossible.
the then Public Prosecutor Stavre Dzikov passed the authority to the place to which it belongs according to the international law that is The Hague Tribunal and The Hague Court Council.
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Among their topics are his own death, Elementary Forms, suffering to become human, Robert Hertz, evil and collective responsibility, and the Hague Tribunal.
The Hague Tribunal ruled that Washington was perfectly justified in refusing to send military equipment to Iran as long as it paid full value.
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Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic was found dead in the detention centre at The Hague tribunal.
But after the Serbian authorities gave up Slobodan Milosevic, the former head of Yugoslavia, to the Hague tribunal (he died there while his long messy trial was still going on), the mystery deepened.
"We are doing this not because of the Hague Tribunal, not because of the requirements of the EU but because of ourselves, because of our values," he said.
He resigned and turned himself in to the Hague tribunal, vowing to clear his name.