Hague Tribunal


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Hague Tribunal,

popular name for the Permanent Court of Arbitration established in 1899 by a convention of the First Hague Peace Conference to facilitate arbitration and other forms of dispute resolution between states. Its headquarters are at The Hague, the Netherlands. In 2016 there were 119 members adhering to the tribunal's conventions.

Each member nation may appoint to the court up to four jurists versed in international law. A case is initiated when two or more nations sign a compromise, an agreement to submit a dispute to arbitration. The disputants may either select arbitrators from the panel to hear their case or they may have two arbitrators choose an umpire before whom the hearing will be held. The tribunal also maintains a list of arbitrators who specialize in the environment and natural resources. Tribunals sit at The Hague unless another place is specified in the compromise. The Hague Tribunal is administered by the International Bureau, which provides administrative support and has custody of archives, and by the Administrative Council, which is composed of the diplomatic envoys of member nations accredited to the Netherlands and shapes the policy of the organization.

Important cases include the final settlement (1904) of the Venezuela ClaimsVenezuela Claims.
In 1902, due to civil strife and to gross mismanagement during the administration of Cipriano Castro, Venezuelan finances were chaotic. Great Britain, Germany, and Italy were determined to seek redress for unpaid loans and sent a joint naval expedition to the
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, the North Atlantic Coast Fisheries Arbitration (1910) between the United States and Great Britain, the territorial dispute (1998) between Yemen and Eritrea over islands in the Red Sea, the Eritean-Ethiopian boundary dispute (2002) and war damages claims (2009), and the determination of the boundaries of the contested Abyei region of Sudan (2009). After World War I the Hague Tribunal lost most of its importance to the World CourtWorld Court,
popular name of the Permanent Court of International Justice, established pursuant to Article 14 of the Covenant of the League of Nations. The protocol establishing it was adopted by the Assembly of the League in 1920 and ratified by the requisite number of states
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, which was in 1945 superseded by the International Court of JusticeInternational Court of Justice,
principal judicial organ of the United Nations, established 1946 by chapter 14 of the UN Charter. It superseded the Permanent Court of International Justice (see World Court), and its statute for the most part repeats that of the former tribunal.
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. Unlike the International Court of Justice, the tribunal also hears cases between a nation and a private party.

References in periodicals archive ?
Apostolski, on the other hand, argues that returning the cases to the Hague Tribunal is impossible.
Not only the Hague Tribunal did not take over the accusation of the Macedonian Prosecutor's Office, but it did not even press its own charges.
Last week, judges at The Hague tribunal in the Netherlands approved the prosecution's third amended indictment against Karadzic, which lists two genocide charges and nine of war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Among their topics are his own death, Elementary Forms, suffering to become human, Robert Hertz, evil and collective responsibility, and the Hague Tribunal.
The Hague Tribunal ruled that Washington was perfectly justified in refusing to send military equipment to Iran as long as it paid full value.
It was a very different looking Karadzic who made his first appearance at The Hague tribunal on July 31.
To retain pressure on Belgrade, the EU's foreign ministers decided at that time to hold up the ratification process until after Serbia meets all its commitments concerning cooperation with the Hague tribunal.
Andrew Leslie took the witness stand at The Hague Tribunal to testify against a Croatian general accused of war crimes for an incident that occurred in August 1995, during the most violent episode of ethnic cleansing of the civil wars that heralded the disintegration of Yugoslavia.
Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic was found dead in the detention centre at The Hague tribunal.
But after the Serbian authorities gave up Slobodan Milosevic, the former head of Yugoslavia, to the Hague tribunal (he died there while his long messy trial was still going on), the mystery deepened.
He resigned and turned himself in to the Hague tribunal, vowing to clear his name.
Two lowly ex-soldiers, one Serbian and one Croatian, are handpicked to play major roles at the Hague Tribunal in Dejan Sorak's deft black comedy "Two Players From the Bench.