Haiphong

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Haiphong

(hīfŏng`), city (1989 pop. 1,447,523), NE Vietnam, on a large branch of the Red River delta c.10 mi (20 km) from the Gulf of Tonkin. It is connected with the sea by a narrow access channel that requires continual dredging. A major port of Vietnam and one of the largest ports in SE Asia, Haiphong was developed (1874) by the French and became the chief naval base of French Indochina. A shipbuilding industry and cement, glass, porcelain, and textile works were established by the French. At the beginning of the French-Indochina War (Nov., 1946), French naval vessels shelled the city, killing c.6,000 Vietnamese. After the French departed and the state of North Vietnam was created (1954), the silted-up harbor was reconstructed with Chinese and Soviet aid, and the docks and shipbuilding yards were repaired and modernized. The old French cement plant was enlarged, and fish-canning, chemical-fertilizer, machine-tool, and additional textile industries were established. During the Vietnam WarVietnam War,
conflict in Southeast Asia, primarily fought in South Vietnam between government forces aided by the United States and guerrilla forces aided by North Vietnam. The war began soon after the Geneva Conference provisionally divided (1954) Vietnam at 17° N lat.
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, Haiphong was severely bombed by the United States; the shipyards and the industrial section of the city were devastated, rail connections with Hanoi were disrupted, and thousands of homes were destroyed. The harbor was mined by U.S. naval planes in May, 1972, and effectively sealed until the mines were swept by U.S. forces after the cease-fire agreement in 1973. Reconstruction, while slow, was aided by the dismantling and relocation of many of the factories during the bombings; when returned to Haiphong, much of the machinery was able to function in ruined structures. Haiphong has been substantially rebuilt; a steel plant was built there in the mid-1990s.

Haiphong

 

a city in Vietnam, located in the delta of the Hong Ha (Red River) on the Kinh Mon River, which empties into the Gulf of Tonkin (Bac Bo) of the South China Sea. Population, 1.2 million (1974). Founded in the 1870’s, Haiphong is a seaport and fishing center. It is linked with Hanoi by railroad and highway and served by the Catby airport. The city is a major trade and industrial center, with enterprises of the cement, textile, metalworking, and food and condiment industries, as well as shipyards and automotive repair shops. Traditional handicrafts are also practiced.

Haiphong

a port in N Vietnam, on the Red River delta: a major industrial centre. Pop.: 1 817 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
70) Tournois, Mayor of Hai Phong to Resident Superior, Hai Phong, 7 Oct.
Hai Phong City and its suburbs are especially attractive places to establish new factories as the city has ports which possess loading & discharging equipment.
In the first year, we are targeting 47 provinces in Vietnam, with a key focus on eight cities, namely Hanoi and Hai Phong in the North, Da Nang and Khanh Hoa in Central, Dong Nai and VungTau in South East, as well as Ho Chi Minh City and Can Tho in Mekong Delta," said Lum Chong Heng, regional business development director at SCA in Central and South Asia.
Often referred to as the Bay of the Descending Dragons, legend says Halong Bay was carved by the mighty tails of dragons sent by gods to defend Hai Phong from invaders.
The Cat Ba archipelago is located about 50 km east of Hai Phong city (the third biggest city in Vietnam), 25 km south of Ha Long Bay (a World Heritage site) and 150km southeast of Ha Noi (the capital city of Vietnam).
Local media reports said the disease was first detected in the northern province of Hai Duong on March 28, and has since spread to 12 localities of Vietnam including 11 Red River Delta provinces of Hai Duong, Thai Binh, Thai Nguyen, Hung Yen, Bac Ninh, Hai Phong, Hanoi, Nam Dinh, Ha Nam, Lang Son, and Quang Ninh, and one central province of Nghe An.
The majority of USG support targets seven provinces (Hanoi, Hai Phong, Quang Ninh, Ho Chi Minh City, Can Tho, An Giang and Nghe An), where the epidemic is most severe; however, PEPFAR also supports HIV counseling and testing and community outreach for drug users and sex workers in 30 additional provinces.
7 trillion won resort in Hai Phong City, Vietnam; and office buildings in Cambodia.
The 31-year-old had already angered fans of Hai Phong Cement FC after missing the first two games following his arrival in the country, which was greeted with a motorcade of scooters, flags and flares.
After just 45 minutes of playtime with Vietnam's Hai Phong Cement FC, former Brazil international Denilson has shocked fans by quitting the team due to ongoing injuries, according to officials from the Vietnam Football Federation.
The 31-year-old, who joined Real Betis for a world record pounds 24million in 1998, will now strut his stuff at Hai Phong Cement FC.
No one batted an eyelid this week when Denilson (far left), once the world's most expensive player at pounds 22m, signed for Vietnamese side Hai Phong Cement.