Queen Charlotte Islands

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Queen Charlotte Islands,

archipelago of several large and many small islands, off the coast of W British Columbia, Canada. The main islands are Graham and Moresby. Masset on Graham Island is the main settlement. About 2,000 of the Islands' 5,700 inhabitants are Haida, a native people whose ancient village, Ninstints, on Skungwai Island, was named a World Heritage Site by the United Nations. There are valuable timber and fishing resources and several good harbors. The Islands attract many scientists and tourists because they escaped glaciation, making them a biologically unique area in Canada. The archipelago was visited in 1774 by Juan Pérez and in 1778 by Capt. James Cook; in 1787 it was surveyed by Capt. George Dixon. Hecate Strait separates it from the mainland; Dixon Entrance lies between it and Alaska to the north; and Queen Charlotte Sound separates it from Vancouver Island to the south.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Queen Charlotte Islands


an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, off the Canadian coast. It includes the islands of Graham, Moresby, Louise, Lyell, and Kunghit and covers an area of 10,282 sq km. The island group belongs to the outer chain of the Canadian Cordilleras, part of which is submerged. The western coasts of the islands are mountainous and fjorded, rising to an elevation of 1250 m. In the northeast there is a broad lowland into which the Masset Inlet deeply penetrates. The climate is mild and very humid. Coniferous forests cover the islands. There are deposits of coal.

Logging and fishing are the major industries. The population totals approximately 3,000 (1965), about 1,000 of it consisting of Indians on reservations. The largest community is the village of Queen Charlotte. The archipelago was discovered and put on the map in 1774 by the Spanish expedition of J. Perez; it was later named in honor of the British queen by G. Vancouver.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Haida Nation held the attention of the world when, during the 1980s, the Haida and environmentalists joined together to protest logging of old-growth forests on Haida Gwaii. The protest resulted in a dramatic standoff with the loggers.
In GHNPR, the documentation of TEK is still fragmentary, but has already involved the recording of elders' testimonies on video-tapes and the GIS mapping of traditional names, songs and stories associated with locations in southern Haida Gwaii (Sloan et al.
Seven subspecies of black bear (Ursus americanus) occur in western North America, of which the Haida Gwaii black bear (ssp.
The 1st 2 British Columbia specimens were caught off Haida Gwaii at 51[degrees]26'N, 131[degrees]09'W and 52[degrees]11'N, 133[degrees]11'W (Taylor 1967), and Peden (1974) reported another specimen from southwest of Vancouver Island at 48[degrees]23'N, 126[degrees]10'W, which were originally identified as S.
Two pools will be built to capture new locations of thermal water flow and offer visitors the opportunity to experience the hotsprings that were lost when the 2012 earthquake struck Haida Gwaii.
The watchmen of Haida Gwaii guard their islands not from the underworld, but from the world out there.
Art is simply something that the Haida do, a natural reflection of a truly remarkable nation of creative people, seven thousand of whom share and seek title to the rugged mountains and shorelines of Haida Gwaii.
The islands of Haida Gwaii, British Columbia, are rich in towering trees that until 1985 were in danger of disappearing because of massive logging efforts.
Deborah Ellis travelled across North America, from Haida Gwaii to Florida, from Iqaluit to Arizona, meeting kids between nine to 18 at their homes on and off reserve, at community and drop-in centres, schools, conferences, drug treatment centres, prisons, powwows and skateboarding jams.
With the gift of a raven's skin that allows him to fly as well as transform, Weget turns into a bird and journeys from Haida Gwaii into the sky.