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(hī`də), Native North Americans living primarily on the Queen Charlotte Islands, off British Columbia, and on the southern end of the Prince of Wales Island, off Alaska. They speak the Haida language, which forms a branch of the family of Nadene languages (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). In physical and cultural characteristics they are closely related to the Tlingit and the Tsimshian; the three tribes belong to the Northwest Coast cultural area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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). Before the advent (early 19th cent.) of white fur traders, the Haida lived in large cedar-plank houses, fished for salmon, and hunted sea mammals; they were noted for their large and well-made dugout canoes. Their society was divided into the Raven and Eagle clans; marriage was always with someone of the opposite clan, and clan membership derived matrilineally. Their customs featured the conspicuous display of wealth (see potlatchpotlatch
, ceremonial feast of the natives of the NW coast of North America, entailing the public distribution of property. The host and his relatives lavishly distributed gifts to invited guests, who were expected to accept any gifts offered with the understanding that at a
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). They then numbered some 8,000, but by 1880 disease, particularly smallpox and venereal infections, had reduced their population to some 2,000. Today most Haida are employed in fishing, canning, and logging; many have left their island homes for mainland life. The artwork of the Haida is widely acclaimed. In 1990 there were close to 2,000 Haida living in the United States and another 2,000 in Canada.


See C. Harrison, Ancient Warriors of the North Pacific (1925); P. Miller, Lost Heritage of Alaska (1967).

References in periodicals archive ?
On a side note, other media sources reported Tuesday that a member of the Mine Clearing Committee operating in Sa'ada was hurt in a mine explosion during his search for mines in Haidan district.
Haidan discussed the barriers that prevented many people around the world from reaping the benefits of the mobile and data revolution and explored the reasons why they were currently finding themselves excluded, and how Vodafone was working to reverse this.
Wang YI, Dr Al Jaber met with senior officials from Huawei Technologies, a leading global information and communications technology (ICT) solutions provider, during a visit to the Zhongguancun technology hub, in the Haidan District of Beijing.
Mazaya has a lot of benefits, most important among those being when a citizen applies for housing today he will be able to get that house within two months," said Housing Ministry assistant under-secretary for policy and housing service Dr Khalid Al Haidan.
But Marc O Se and A O'Mahony stayed on th(right) longer than the rtheir Kerry teammates affinal whistle, while KDonaghy re-emerged winfant daughter half an hAidan the field rest of after the Kieran with his hour or so after the final whistle to take it all in for possibly one last time.
Summary: World-renowned French opera singers Delphine Haidan and Karine Deshayes will perform from a diverse repertoire
10 Al Wazzan KA, Al Haidan A, Al Madi EM, Al Murfarj A.
Breidert M, Miehlke S, Glasgow A, Orban Z, Stolte M, Ehninger G, Bayerdorffer E, Nettesheim O, Halm U, Haidan A, Bornstein SR.
The Haidan Health Center is the only serving hospital operating in Haidan, a town that's seen heavy attacks by the coalition.
Table 1: The China Medical Writers Community Core Committee Organizational Chart Name Affiliation Role in the CMWC Xiaoling Wang Sanofi China Core member, Community chair Haidan Wang R&G Pharma Core member, Membership coordinator Nan Wang Bayer HealthCare Core member, Communication coordinator Rui Yang PAREXEL International Core member, Education coordinator (Beijing) Hongbo Zhu Boehringer Ingelheim Core member, Education coordinator (Shanghai) Julia Cooper PARExEL International Core member Karen Tye Pfizer (China) R&D Core member Yuko Kojima Eli Lilly Core member Xing Li Janssen China R&D Core member
Using this birth registry, we included all singleton live births of infants who had [greater than or equal to] 28 completed weeks of gestation occurring between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2010 to mothers who resided in one of four adjacent Beijing districts (Xicheng, Haidan, Fengtai, and Chaoyang) at the time of birth (n = 140,298).
But the state news agency, controlled by the Houthis, said three women had been killed by shelling in Haidan, in the northern Saada province.