Haida

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Haida

(hī`də), Native North Americans living primarily on the Queen Charlotte Islands, off British Columbia, and on the southern end of the Prince of Wales Island, off Alaska. They speak the Haida language, which forms a branch of the family of Nadene languages (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). In physical and cultural characteristics they are closely related to the Tlingit and the Tsimshian; the three tribes belong to the Northwest Coast cultural area (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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). Before the advent (early 19th cent.) of white fur traders, the Haida lived in large cedar-plank houses, fished for salmon, and hunted sea mammals; they were noted for their large and well-made dugout canoes. Their society was divided into the Raven and Eagle clans; marriage was always with someone of the opposite clan, and clan membership derived matrilineally. Their customs featured the conspicuous display of wealth (see potlatchpotlatch
, ceremonial feast of the natives of the NW coast of North America, entailing the public distribution of property. The host and his relatives lavishly distributed gifts to invited guests, who were expected to accept any gifts offered with the understanding that at a
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). They then numbered some 8,000, but by 1880 disease, particularly smallpox and venereal infections, had reduced their population to some 2,000. Today most Haida are employed in fishing, canning, and logging; many have left their island homes for mainland life. The artwork of the Haida is widely acclaimed. In 1990 there were close to 2,000 Haida living in the United States and another 2,000 in Canada.

Bibliography

See C. Harrison, Ancient Warriors of the North Pacific (1925); P. Miller, Lost Heritage of Alaska (1967).

References in periodicals archive ?
Al Haidan, who led the UAE delegation, affirmed that the UAE's policy, based on balance, moderation, respect of the sovereignty of other states and non-interference in their internal affairs, has led to the creation of a positive climate for the promotion of development, civil society's efforts and active participation in all activities.
Of the many smaller roles, Bernadette Antoine delivers a stinging parody of the prim, stiff-upper-lipped English matron Mistress Bentson; Patricia Petibon and Xenia Konsek are charming as Ellen and Rose; the Frederic of Franck Leguerinel is equally fine; and Delphine Haidan is heard to good effect in that perennial favorite, "The Flower Duet."
While some committee members might by motivated by a genuine sense of responsibility, others, like Haidan, are at least partially driven by monetary incentives.
"Al Mubarak seems to me to typify the accomplished modern Emirati diplomat as I saw his success in Syria, where I served after him," Dr Al Haidan said.
The UAE rejects the use of force as a solution to the Iranian nuclear issue and rather calls for a solution through political means, the official WAM news agency quoted Haidan as saying on Wednesday.
The statement said that bombardment from both land and air has targeted several areas, including the districts of Haidan, Dohayan, Matrah, al-Mahazer and other areas near Saada town.
In the Open Class, Mohamed Said Haidan on Apple Bee walked away with the top honours.
Earlier in the day, the eighth round of National equestrians series Hathab saw HussaIn Said Haidan emerge winner in the Small Tour class riding Colijn.
The participants in the rallies in Saada city and in Haidan and Razeh districts carried flags of Yemen and Palestine and chanted slogans condemning the normalization with the Zionist enemy and rejecting the American hegemony and policy in the region.
The meeting, attended by Mohammed Abdulrahman Al Haidan, the Director of Legal Affairs at Foreign Affairs Ministry and member of the National Committee for International Humanitarian Law, on May 14-16, is co-organised by the Government of the Swiss Confederation and the International Committee of the Red Cross.
The UAE's delegation was headed by Dr Tarek Al Haidan, Assistant Foreign Minister for Political Affairs, while the Iranian delegation was headed by Hassan Qashqavi, Deputy Foreign minister for Consular, Parliamentary and Expatriates Affairs.