Haig, Alexander Meigs, Jr.

Haig, Alexander Meigs, Jr.,

1924–2010, American general and public official, U.S. secretary of state (1981–82), b. Philadelphia, grad. West Point, 1947. He served in Korea (1950–51) and held several staff positions, including military assistant to the secretary of the army (1964), before serving in Vietnam (1966–67) as a battalion and brigade commander. As military adviser to Henry KissingerKissinger, Henry Alfred
, 1923–, American political scientist and U.S. secretary of state (1973–77), b. Germany. He emigrated to the United States in 1938. A leading expert on international relations and nuclear defense policy, Kissinger taught (1957–69) at
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 (1969–73) he became an important member of the National Security Council staff. During the later stages of the Watergate affairWatergate affair,
in U.S. history, series of scandals involving the administration of President Richard M. Nixon; more specifically, the burglarizing of the Democratic party national headquarters in the Watergate apartment complex in Washington, D.C.
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 he was President Nixon's civilian chief of staff (1973–74). A four-star general, he served as Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) of the North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationNorth Atlantic Treaty Organization
(NATO), established under the North Atlantic Treaty (Apr. 4, 1949) by Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United States.
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's forces from 1974 to 1979, when he retired from the army. In 1981 he became President ReaganReagan, Ronald Wilson
, 1911–2004, 40th president of the United States (1981–89), b. Tampico, Ill. In 1932, after graduation from Eureka College, he became a radio announcer and sportscaster.
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's secretary of state. His sudden resignation (1982) was attributed to disagreements over foreign policy. He ran unsuccessfully for the Republican presidential nomination in 1988.

Bibliography

See his memoir Caveat (1984), and How America Changed the World (1992).

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