Haile Selassie


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Selassie, Haile:

see Haile SelassieHaile Selassie
, [Amharic,=power of the Trinity], 1892–1975, emperor of Ethiopia (1930–74). He was born Tafari Makonnen, the son of a noted general and the grandnephew of Emperor Menelik II.
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Haile Selassie

(hī`lē səlăs`ē, –lä`sē), [Amharic,=power of the Trinity], 1892–1975, emperor of Ethiopia (1930–74). He was born Tafari Makonnen, the son of a noted general and the grandnephew of Emperor Menelik IIMenelik II
, 1844–1913, emperor of Ethiopia after 1889. He was originally ras (ruler) of Shoa (central Ethiopia). After the death (1868) of Emperor Tewodros II, Menelik, with Italian support, gained strength steadily. He seized the throne after Emperor Johannes IV died.
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. A brilliant student, he became a favorite of Menelik, who made him a provincial governor at 14. As a Coptic Christian, Tafari opposed Menelik's grandson and successor, Lij Yasu, who became a Muslim convert, and in 1916 compelled his deposition and established Menelik's daughter Zauditu as empress with himself as regent. In 1928, Tafari was crowned king of Ethiopia, and in 1930, after the empress's mysterious death, he became emperor as Haile Selassie, claiming to be a direct descendant of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. He attempted internal reforms and took great pride in the suppression of slavery. When Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1935, he personally led defending troops in the field, but in 1936 he was forced to flee to British protection. Twice (1936, 1938) he vainly appealed to the League of Nations for effective action against Italy. In 1940, after Italy entered World War II, he returned to Africa with British aid, and in 1941 he reentered Ethiopia and regained his throne. In the postwar period he instituted social and political reforms, such as establishing (1955) a national assembly. In the 1960s and 70s he worked for pan-African aims, particularly through the Organization of African Unity. In 1960 he crushed a revolt by a group of young intellectuals and army officers demanding an end to oppression and poverty. In 1974, however, the army was successful in seizing control. Haile Selassie was progressively stripped of his powers and finally, on Sept. 12, 1974, deposed. He was murdered in prison at the orders of the coup leaders in 1975.

Bibliography

See P. Schwab, ed., Ethiopia and Haile Selassie (1972); E. Ullendorf, ed. and tr., The Autobiography of Haile Selassie I (1976); H. G. Marcus, Haile Selassie I: The Formative Years (1987).

Haile Selassie

 

(name before coronation, Tafari Makonnen). Born July 23, 1892, in Edjersso, Harar Province; died Aug. 27, 1975, in Addis Ababa. Emperor of Ethiopia (1930–74).

Haile Selassie was the son of the statesman Ras Makonnen and the cousin of Emperor Menelik II. In 1916, during the reign of the Empress Zauditu, he was declared regent; after her death, he was crowned emperor of Ethiopia with the name Haile Selassie I on Nov. 2, 1930. Haile Selassie centralized the government of the country, abolished slavery and slavetrading, and introduced progressive measures in education and public health. In 1923 he secured Ethiopia’s admission to the League of Nations, and in 1931 he proclaimed the first constitution in Ethiopia. During the Italo-Ethiopian War (1935–36), he went into exile; he was active in enlisting the aid of foreign powers in the liberation of Ethiopia. On May 5, 1941, after the greater part of Ethiopia had been cleared of the Italian invaders, he returned to Addis Ababa. Haile Selassie was one of the founders of the Organization of African Unity.

Since he represented the interests of the feudal class, Haile Selassie did not aspire to carry out the sweeping socioeconomic reforms that would meet the demands of the age. The sharp deepening of the socioeconomic and political crisis in Ethiopia in early 1974 incited a revolutionary coup, as a result of which Haile Selassie was deposed on Sept. 12, 1974.

Haile Selassie

title of Ras Tafari Makonnen. 1892--1975, emperor of Ethiopia (1930--36; 1941--74). During the Italian occupation of Ethiopia (1936--41), he lived in exile in England. He was a prominent figure in the Pan-African movement: deposed 1974
References in periodicals archive ?
As head of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, Haile Selassie I also provided the alternative of an Ethiopian and African spiritual focal point, retaining Ethiopian Orthodoxy's proximity to the Bible while endowing it with new interpretations.
Surprisingly, there is no definitive biography of Haile Selassie. A complete "picture of the man" has not been made, but Asfa-Wossen Asserate, a great-nephew of Haile Selassie, has added "more mosaic tiles" to the composite work in process with his well-documented scholarly assessment of HIM and his legacy.
The family-run Milebrook House Hotel, on the English border, which hosted Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie in <Bthe 1930s
A succession of feudal emperors, culminating with Haile Selassie, tried to foster and reinforce a sense of common Ethiopian identity by imposing Amharic as the lingua franca and by creating a formidable military establishment with the assistance of the United States.
Para celebrar su jubileo de plata en 1955, el emperador Haile Selassie decidio construirme.
During his rule, Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974, made five state visits to the United States, the most of any other head of state at that point in history.
His adopted name, Haile Selassie (meaning "Might of the Trinity"), was the first of his many ornate titles, which include such elaborate honours as Elect of God, King of Kings, Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah and Knight of the Order of the Most Holy Annunciation.
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ROOTS reggae, typified by the work of Bob Marley, Peter Tosh, Horace Andy and others, contained frequent references to Rastafarian principles and Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia, in particular.
According to The Associated Press, Kapuscinski is best known for books including The Emperor and Shah of Shahs, which detailed the decline of Haile Selassie's regime in Ethiopia and the 1979 Iranian revolution, respectively.
Q WHAT happened to Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethopia, and how did he die?