Haiphong


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Haiphong

(hīfŏng`), city (1989 pop. 1,447,523), NE Vietnam, on a large branch of the Red River delta c.10 mi (20 km) from the Gulf of Tonkin. It is connected with the sea by a narrow access channel that requires continual dredging. A major port of Vietnam and one of the largest ports in SE Asia, Haiphong was developed (1874) by the French and became the chief naval base of French Indochina. A shipbuilding industry and cement, glass, porcelain, and textile works were established by the French. At the beginning of the French-Indochina War (Nov., 1946), French naval vessels shelled the city, killing c.6,000 Vietnamese. After the French departed and the state of North Vietnam was created (1954), the silted-up harbor was reconstructed with Chinese and Soviet aid, and the docks and shipbuilding yards were repaired and modernized. The old French cement plant was enlarged, and fish-canning, chemical-fertilizer, machine-tool, and additional textile industries were established. During the Vietnam WarVietnam War,
conflict in Southeast Asia, primarily fought in South Vietnam between government forces aided by the United States and guerrilla forces aided by North Vietnam. The war began soon after the Geneva Conference provisionally divided (1954) Vietnam at 17° N lat.
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, Haiphong was severely bombed by the United States; the shipyards and the industrial section of the city were devastated, rail connections with Hanoi were disrupted, and thousands of homes were destroyed. The harbor was mined by U.S. naval planes in May, 1972, and effectively sealed until the mines were swept by U.S. forces after the cease-fire agreement in 1973. Reconstruction, while slow, was aided by the dismantling and relocation of many of the factories during the bombings; when returned to Haiphong, much of the machinery was able to function in ruined structures. Haiphong has been substantially rebuilt; a steel plant was built there in the mid-1990s.

Haiphong

 

a city in Vietnam, located in the delta of the Hong Ha (Red River) on the Kinh Mon River, which empties into the Gulf of Tonkin (Bac Bo) of the South China Sea. Population, 1.2 million (1974). Founded in the 1870’s, Haiphong is a seaport and fishing center. It is linked with Hanoi by railroad and highway and served by the Catby airport. The city is a major trade and industrial center, with enterprises of the cement, textile, metalworking, and food and condiment industries, as well as shipyards and automotive repair shops. Traditional handicrafts are also practiced.

Haiphong

a port in N Vietnam, on the Red River delta: a major industrial centre. Pop.: 1 817 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Blows against targets in Hanoi and Haiphong required clearance from the White House, as they had during Rolling Thunder, and the network of irrigation dikes in North Vietnam remained exempt from attack, although the occasional stray bomb that missed an antiaircraft site or other target and exploded near a dike emboldened North Vietnamese propagandists to level charges that the United States was waging war on the civilian populace by trying to drain the rice paddies.
His negative objectives led to a long list of rules of engagement (ROE) that did everything from preventing flights through the airspace over Hanoi or Haiphong without his personal approval to limiting how closely aircraft could fly to the Chinese border.
Hue called her shelter Haiphong Red Flamboyant after a Vietnamese flower.
The major events, including the bombardment of Haiphong and the attack of December 19, 1946, which may not be familiar to those other than Vietnam scholars or experts on French colonialism, are only described in passing.
The warehouse is strategically located in Haiphong, the third largest city of Vietnam and northern Vietnam's most important seaport with its deep- water anchorage and large maritime facilities.
Over a century later, the 848-km-long Indochina-Yunnan railway (1) still links the Vietnamese port of Haiphong to the cities of Hanoi in Vietnam and Kunming in landlocked Yunnan Province of Southwest China (Figure 1).
In 1972, President Richard Nixon announced that he had ordered the mining of Haiphong Harbor during the Vietnam War.
Magma Ceramics & Catalysts has opened the new 6,000sq metres facility between Hanoi and Noth Vietnam's main international sea port, Haiphong.
The next two submarines, named Ho Chi Minh and Haiphong, are expected to be handed over to Vietnam this year.
Saddled with Johnson's war in Vietnam, Nixon mined Haiphong Harbor, invaded Cambodia, and secretly bombed away in both Laos and Cambodia.
In September 2011, an Indian warship sailing in the South China Sea to the Vietnamese port of Haiphong was challenged when a caller identifying himself as an official of the Chinese navy warned the ship on an open radio channel that it was entering Chinese waters.
Lukoil acquired half of the Hanoi Trough 02 block offshore the northern city of Haiphong from Quad Energy in April 2011, which was ratified by the Vietnamese government in September.