Haiphong


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Haiphong

(hīfŏng`), city (1989 pop. 1,447,523), NE Vietnam, on a large branch of the Red River delta c.10 mi (20 km) from the Gulf of Tonkin. It is connected with the sea by a narrow access channel that requires continual dredging. A major port of Vietnam and one of the largest ports in SE Asia, Haiphong was developed (1874) by the French and became the chief naval base of French Indochina. A shipbuilding industry and cement, glass, porcelain, and textile works were established by the French. At the beginning of the French-Indochina War (Nov., 1946), French naval vessels shelled the city, killing c.6,000 Vietnamese. After the French departed and the state of North Vietnam was created (1954), the silted-up harbor was reconstructed with Chinese and Soviet aid, and the docks and shipbuilding yards were repaired and modernized. The old French cement plant was enlarged, and fish-canning, chemical-fertilizer, machine-tool, and additional textile industries were established. During the Vietnam WarVietnam War,
conflict in Southeast Asia, primarily fought in South Vietnam between government forces aided by the United States and guerrilla forces aided by North Vietnam. The war began soon after the Geneva Conference provisionally divided (1954) Vietnam at 17° N lat.
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, Haiphong was severely bombed by the United States; the shipyards and the industrial section of the city were devastated, rail connections with Hanoi were disrupted, and thousands of homes were destroyed. The harbor was mined by U.S. naval planes in May, 1972, and effectively sealed until the mines were swept by U.S. forces after the cease-fire agreement in 1973. Reconstruction, while slow, was aided by the dismantling and relocation of many of the factories during the bombings; when returned to Haiphong, much of the machinery was able to function in ruined structures. Haiphong has been substantially rebuilt; a steel plant was built there in the mid-1990s.

Haiphong

 

a city in Vietnam, located in the delta of the Hong Ha (Red River) on the Kinh Mon River, which empties into the Gulf of Tonkin (Bac Bo) of the South China Sea. Population, 1.2 million (1974). Founded in the 1870’s, Haiphong is a seaport and fishing center. It is linked with Hanoi by railroad and highway and served by the Catby airport. The city is a major trade and industrial center, with enterprises of the cement, textile, metalworking, and food and condiment industries, as well as shipyards and automotive repair shops. Traditional handicrafts are also practiced.

Haiphong

a port in N Vietnam, on the Red River delta: a major industrial centre. Pop.: 1 817 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
"It is a long and challenging journey to transform and develop a Brilliant Factory," said Trang Vu, General Manager of GE's Haiphong Factory.
Our first Heritage Dragon and Heritage Phoenix Cruises will operate from Got Harbor in Haiphong for day cruises, with scheduled one or two night programs, such as Heritage Discover and Heritage Explorer.
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China-bound contraband there often arrives on ships in the Vietnamese port city of Haiphong, and smugglers bring it north, to China, by truck.
The new purpose built offices in Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi and operating arm in Haiphong Port represent large investments and demonstrate M+R Spedag's commitment to Vietnam.
They seized Hanoi, Haiphong and other towns and important lines of communication.
From there I was transferred to Vietnam where I was involved as CEO in Dinh Vu Industrial Zone and port in Haiphong. Thereafter I moved to Duqm in 2012.
As a playwright born in Vietnam, Don Nguyen saw dramatic possibilities in a New York Times story about an HIV-positive woman in Haiphong, a large port city near Hanoi, who started the country's first support group for infected women.
Then there is the French colonial-era admiral, Georges Thierry d'Argenlieu, who refused to follow an order from Paris in late 1946 to check Chinese interests in the Paracel Islands and instead fire on his own restive Vietnamese nationalists at the port of Haiphong (pp.
Two of the tanker's 18 crew have been injured and the pirates took part of its cargo of more than 5,000 tonnes of gas oil, said Nguyen Vu Diep, a manager at the Haiphong Sea Product Shipbuilding Co.
This turned out to be a problem, when Chiang Kai-shek's forces, then in control of Tonkin, refused to allow French ships to dock in Haiphong. Therefore, the agreement was forced upon the French and Vietnamese by the Chinese forces despite the intention of the French to essentially invade Tonkin and impose an agreement more preferential to the French on the Viet Minh from a position of strength.