Hak


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Hak

 

(from German Haken, wooden plow), a tax unit in Estonia and Latvia in feudal times that was used in determining the size of duties to the feudal lord and the state.

The most widespread form of hak was the so-called peasant hak, which in northern Estonia consisted of an average of 8-12 hectares of sown land. In addition, the state authorities in the 17th and 18th centuries began to make use of the revision hak, which usually was larger than the peasant hak. The accounts of the peasants with the pomeshchiki (landlords) were done according to peasant hak; taxes were paid to the state according to revision hak, which was calculated on the basis of the number of tax days in the week or the number of peasants capable of work, or according to the sum of the peasant debt in money terms. Hak ceased to be used at the end of the 19th century.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hak also situates the British Columbia left in global context, demonstrating how international events--the Russian Revolution, world wars, economic depressions, Keynesian interventions, oil shocks, trade agreements, climate summits, Occupy protests--as well as national factors such as the Reform Party and Idle No More--influenced developments in BC.
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Dubai, 8th October, 2009 Eoe1/4" Mrs Heba Al Kharafi, recently appointed as the Ambassador to His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales Charities Foundation in the Middle East, is pleased to announce that the HAK Award for Women and Arts will be launched at the Women in Leadership Forum (WIL Forum) on October 25th, 2009 at the Burj Al Arab in Dubai.
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I first became aware of HAK (Hide Away Knives, get it?
Hak, reporting on the study she conducted while a researcher at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston.
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Bunun anlami, degeri ve sayginligindan zaten suphemizin olmadigi, degisik sitelerde, indekslerde yer alan ve sitasyonlar alan dergimizin artik hak ettigi yerde oldugu ve dergimizde yayinlanan yazilarinizin artik "SCIE kapsaminda yer alan dergilerdeki yayinlar" kapsaminda dosyalarinizda yer alacagidir.