Halayeb Triangle

Halayeb Triangle


Hala'ib Triangle,

roughly triangular disputed territory, c.7,950 sq mi (20,590 sq km), along the Egypt-Sudan border, on the Red Sea coast. Claimed by Egypt and Sudan, and under the de facto control of Egypt, it is named for the town of Halayeb, which is located there. The area is generally hot and dry, with a somewhat milder and wetter climate near the coast. The highest peak is Mount Shendib, 6,270 ft (1,911 m); Egypt's Gebel Elba National Park includes most of the triangle. The small population consists of nomadic herdsman; there is little economic activity.

The territorial dispute arises out of the discrepancy between the political boundary set by the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium Agreement of 1899, which runs along the 22d parallel, and the administrative boundary established by the British in 1902, which assigned the area of Halayeb Triangle, which is north of the 22d parallel, to Sudanese administration. (At the time Great Britain controlled both Egypt and Sudan.) When Sudan became independent in 1956, it defined its borders according to the 1902 boundary while Egypt adhered to the 1899 boundary. In 1958, when Sudan planned to hold elections in the area, Egypt sent in troops, but subsequently the territory was jointly controlled. Sudan's plans for oil exploration off the area's coast led to tensions in the 1990s, and oil exploration was not undertaken. In 2000 Sudan withdrew all forces area, ceding de facto control to Egypt, but Sudan continues to claim the territory.

References in periodicals archive ?
Halayeb and Shalateen, or the Halayeb Triangle, is an area of land measuring 20,580 square kilometers located on the Egyptian-Sudanese border on the Red Sea coast.
In the same month, Cairo announced it would start oil and gas exploration in the Red Sea province, including the Halayeb triangle.
It should be noted that the Sudanese complaint concerning the Halayeb Triangle is periodic, because if Sudan stopped submitting complaints on the issue for five years in the UN Security Council, the case would automatically end.
Another newspaper claimed that "Egypt objected to Sudan's exploitation of its full share of water," while another Sudanese official made matters worse by stating that "Egyptian aggression" on the Halayeb Triangle was aimed at dragging Sudan into direct clashes.
8 (SUNA) - Sudan has renewed its complaint over Halayeb Triangle issue through a message forwarded by Sudan permanent envoy to the UN, Ambassador Omer Dahab, to the head of the Security Council in New York.
We will not let go of our sovereign rights on the Halayeb triangle," Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour told parliament Monday.
Although the President denied Egypt will yield the Halayeb Triangle to the Sudanese authorities, different parties have lashed out at the Muslim Brotherhood (MB), accusing them of underestimating the value of Egyptian land and blaming them for their readiness to give up parts of Egypt to their Islamic allies, in order to gain their support for the rule in this country.
The relation between the two countries is strained due to a number of issues including the disputed Halayeb triangle, Sudan's support to the Ethiopian dam, and the ban of Egyptian agricultural products.
Halayeb and Shalateen, or the Halayeb Triangle, is an area of land measuring 20,580 square kilometers, located on the Egyptian-Sudanese border on the Red Sea coast.
As for the disputed Halayeb triangle, Ghandour emphasized that the area belonged to Sudanese land, based on historic facts, but noted that this issue would not be the "cause of any fighting or rivalry that leads to a schism in the relations between Sudan and Egypt.
The Sudanese media minister's statement resulted in exchanges between media figures regarding which country has a historical claim on Egypt's southern Halayeb Triangle region.
The deputy of Halayeb constituency, Ahmed Eissa, has called for concern with Halayeb Triangle and providing services for its citizens.