Halayeb Triangle

Halayeb Triangle

or

Hala'ib Triangle,

roughly triangular disputed territory, c.7,950 sq mi (20,590 sq km), along the Egypt-Sudan border, on the Red Sea coast. Claimed by Egypt and Sudan, and under the de facto control of Egypt, it is named for the town of Halayeb, which is located there. The area is generally hot and dry, with a somewhat milder and wetter climate near the coast. The highest peak is Mount Shendib, 6,270 ft (1,911 m); Egypt's Gebel Elba National Park includes most of the triangle. The small population consists of nomadic herdsman; there is little economic activity.

The territorial dispute arises out of the discrepancy between the political boundary set by the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium Agreement of 1899, which runs along the 22d parallel, and the administrative boundary established by the British in 1902, which assigned the area of Halayeb Triangle, which is north of the 22d parallel, to Sudanese administration. (At the time Great Britain controlled both Egypt and Sudan.) When Sudan became independent in 1956, it defined its borders according to the 1902 boundary while Egypt adhered to the 1899 boundary. In 1958, when Sudan planned to hold elections in the area, Egypt sent in troops, but subsequently the territory was jointly controlled. Sudan's plans for oil exploration off the area's coast led to tensions in the 1990s, and oil exploration was not undertaken. In 2000 Sudan withdrew all forces area, ceding de facto control to Egypt, but Sudan continues to claim the territory.

References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, Sudan always falls prey to external stoking regarding protests over the Halayeb Triangle dispute.
The Halayeb triangle, which is a 20,580 km area on the Red Sea, has been a contentious issue between Egypt and Sudan since 1958, shortly after Sudan gained its independence from the British-Egyptian rule in January 1956.
Cairo also hopes that improved relations with Khartoum will help it resolve the Halayeb Triangle border dispute in its favor.
Meanwhile, state-run Al-Ahram's Ahmed Abdel Tawab said Egypt ought to sue Al Jazeera for its twisting of facts and biased reporting on Egyptian affairs, just as Foreign Affairs Minister Sameh Shoukry did with Russia Today when it published an online poll on the sovereignty of the Halayeb triangle, the rights two which are disputed by Sudan.
Russia Today logo- CC via Wikimedia CAIRO -- 14 May 2018: Russia Today (RT) channel published an utterly provocative poll on its website questioning Egypt's sovereignty over the Halayeb Triangle. Egypt Today has compiled all the details that you need to know about the RT poll, which was later taken down from the website.
The Foreign Minister affirmed that Halayeb Triangle is an inseparable part of Sudan and is put as an issue of priority in the country's foreign policy.
"We have adopted legal and political measures to assert our rights in the Halayeb triangle."
Although the President denied Egypt will yield the Halayeb Triangle to the Sudanese authorities, different parties have lashed out at the Muslim Brotherhood (MB), accusing them of underestimating the value of Egyptian land and blaming them for their readiness to give up parts of Egypt to their Islamic allies, in order to gain their support for the rule in this country.
Sudan and Egypt which were close allies now have several pending issues, including the Ethiopian Renaissance dam and the border dispute over Halayeb triangle, which has been under Egyptian control since 1995.
Russia Today logo- CC via Wikimedia CAIRO -- 14 May 2018: Following its notorious poll that questions Egypt's sovereignty over Halayeb triangle, Russia Today once again hit another low by putting out a fraudulent map of the Arab world which shows that Halayeb is not a part of Egypt.
For the newspaper's Mohamed Amin, he wrote that Egypt's sovereignty over its territory should not be the subject of malicious intentions, referring to RT Arabic's poll on whether the ownership of the Halayeb triangle belongs to Egypt or Sudan, which claims the Egyptian-administered area.
Professor Ghandour added that Halayeb Triangle is part and parcel of Sudan and remained priority in our foreign policy , stressing that the Ministry maintains self-constraint and non -escalation to keep up eternal relations between the two sisterly countries and people .