Half-Timbering


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Half-Timbering

 

a type of wall construction used mainly for low buildings. Half-timbering consists of a frame formed by a system of horizontal, vertical, and diagonal wooden beams: the interstices are filled with stone, brick, adobe, or other material. Since the late 19th century, metal and reinforced-concrete beams have also been used. Half-timbering was widespread in Western Europe in the Middle Ages. The wooden uprights, crossbars, and diagonal struts that partitioned the walls lent a decorative and expressive appearance to the facade.

In modern construction, half-timbering with a wooden frame and a brick or adobe filling is used principally in regions with a warm climate. It may also be used for auxiliary production buildings.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Norman Shaw's half-timbering, for example, is completely out of place in these northern fells; as are the thousands of rhododendrons, presumably planted by Armstrong's wife, which now surround the place.
Lots of cream rendered brickwork, half-timbering, dormer roofs and enough UPVC windows to rebuild a naff Crystal Palace (as in the world's biggest conservatory, not the soccer team).
There is much half-timbering in the house, particularly in the 35ft by 20ft billiard room, which has an open-framed ceiling with a central skylight.
In the fashion of the times, he added fancy half-timbering, masking what is essentially a functional Victorian building, containing two swimming pools, known to generations of Cestrian school children as the Atlantic and Pacific.
A public house with extensive stabling arose to welcome visitors, and it later took on entirely fictitious half-timbering to give it the appropriate rural feel.
All Saints Church was hugely altered by the Victorians but the rectory where Baldwin lives is said to date back to Tudor times.There is half-timbering on the exterior of the gable end of the building although inside the exposed beams are now covered.
The ground floor accommodation includes a spacious reception hall featuring archway with exposed half-timbering and glass-fronted display cupboard; fitted cloakroom; inner hall; sitting room with natural stone fireplace and coal effect fire, tiled hearth and raised side shelves; dining room with natural stone fireplace, polished mantel and side shelf, arched recess and a wealth of exposed ceiling and wall timbers.
Formerly the vicarage to Holy Trinity Church, the house dates from around 1910 and is built of brick with mock half-timbering to the upper elevations beneath a pitched, tiled roof.
At Bournville and Bordesley Green, Hay Mills and Harborne, builders and industrialists recreated the villages of rural England, complete with maypoles and half-timbering, to re-establish a link with a past that had vanished so quickly and so completely.
They restored and converted the house to maximise its half-timbering and period features.