Halifax


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Halifax,

city and regional municipality (2016 pop. 403,131), provincial capital, S central N.S., Canada, on the Atlantic Ocean. It is the largest city in the Maritime Provinces and is one of Canada's principal ice-free Atlantic ports. Halifax is the eastern terminus of Canada's two great railroad systems and of its transcontinental highway. Its many industries include commercial fishing, fish processing, shipbuilding, oil refining, and the manufacture of automobiles, electronics, clothing, and furniture. It is the home port of the Canadian Atlantic fleet and the headquarters of its eastern army.

Halifax was founded in 1749 as Chebucto and was then renamed for the earl of Halifax, then president of the Board of Trade and Plantations. It was intended originally to be a British naval stronghold comparable to that of France at LouisburgLouisburg
, town (1991 pop. 1,261), E Cape Breton Island, N.S., Canada. The town, an ice-free port, is near the site of the great fortress of Louisbourg, built (1720–40) by France as its Gibraltar in America.
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. It served as a naval base for the expedition against Louisburg in 1758, against the American colonies in the American Revolution, and against the United States in the War of 1812. The Halifax Gazette, founded in 1752 and now the official Nova Scotia Royal Gazette, was the first newspaper in Canada.

The first transatlantic steamship service, from Halifax to Great Britain, began in 1840. During both world wars the port was an important naval and air base, convoy terminal, and embarkation center; it also was an entry port for immigrants. In 1917 a French munitions vessel carrying explosives was rammed in the harbor by a Belgian relief vessel, causing an explosion that killed about 1,800 people, injured about 9,000 more (one-fifth of the population), and destroyed the northern part of the city. In 1996 the adjoining municipalities of Halifax, DartmouthDartmouth,
city and former municipality, S N.S., Canada, on Halifax harbor, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean. Dartmouth has large sugar and oil refineries, and it produces ships, iron, and aircraft parts.
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, Bedford, and Halifax co. were combined to form the regional municipality of Halifax.

Places of interest include the Citadel fortress (1856); Province House (1818); St. Paul's Church, the oldest (1750) Anglican church in Canada; the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic; Pier 21, an immigration museum; and Point Pleasant Park. Educational institutions include Dalhousie Univ. (1818), the Univ. of Kings College, Mount St. Vincent Univ., St. Mary's Univ., and technical and art schools.

Bibliography

See S. H. Prince, Catastrophe and Social Change (1920, repr. 1968); T. H. Raddall, Halifax: Warden of the North (rev. ed. 1971); J. Payzant, Halifax: Cornerstone of Canada (1985).


Halifax,

urban area (1991 pop. 87,488), Calderdale metropolitan district, central England, on the Hebble, a small tributary of the Calder River. Halifax is an industrial town centered around the production of woolen goods, carpets, and machine tools. Other industries include the manufacture of cotton, silk and synthetics, and iron and steel. Noteworthy are the Bankfield Museum, the 18th-century Piece Hall, the 15th-century parish church of St. John the Baptist, the Renaissance town hall designed by Sir Charles Barry, and Heath Grammar School (1585). Halifax carried on an important wool trade in the Middle Ages.
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Halifax

1
1. Charles Montagu, Earl of Halifax. 1661--1715, British statesman; founder of the National Debt (1692) and the Bank of England (1694)
2. Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, Earl of Halifax. 1881--1959, British Conservative statesman. He was viceroy of India (1926--31), foreign secretary (1938--40), and ambassador to the US (1941--46)
3. George Savile, ist Marquess of Halifax, known as the Trimmer. 1633--95, British politician, noted for his wavering opinions. He opposed the exclusion of the Catholic James II from the throne but later supported the Glorious Revolution

Halifax

2
1. a port in SE Canada, capital of Nova Scotia, on the Atlantic: founded in 1749 as a British stronghold. Pop.: 276 221 (2001)
2. a town in N England, in Calderdale unitary authority, West Yorkshire: textiles. Pop.: 83 570 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Founded on July 17, 1695, the firm existed in their current form since 2001 when Halifax and Bank of Scotland agreed a pounds 28billion merger.
Halifax's origins date back to the Industrial Revolution, when small towns across England were becoming booming manufacturing centres.
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Halifax Estate Agents Allerton is now offering a range of Spanish properties built by Taylor Woodrowde Espana, the only major UK house builder in Spain.
In the generation since Burke's death, Catholic Halifax had made considerable progress.
Data released by Halifax show that house prices were unchanged during the first six months of 2005 - in contrast to the 160 per cent increase over the previous nine years when the average cost of a property in the UK leapt from pounds 61,564 to pounds 162,850.
Entitled The 902--Nova Scotia and PEI's telephone area code--the film profiles the lives and art of DJ JoRun, Scratch Bastid and Buck 65, DJs and turntableists who are transforming Halifax's musical reputation as a citadel for Celtic music and Alternative rock.
With 72 minutes gone, David Jessiman scored a second try for the visitors and with Sanst adding the extra points and a late penalty the Halifax fightback was complete.
Halifax took the lead when Ryan Mallon hit a curling left-foot shot from 35 yards into the net.
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, is a community of about 350,000 located on the eastern coast of the country.
Sir John Shaw and Roger Boyes will leave after Halifax merges with Bank of Scotland, writes Cathy Hayward