Halifax, Edward Frederick Lindley Wood

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Halifax, Edward Frederick Lindley Wood

 

(became Baron Irwin in 1925). Born Apr. 16, 1881, in Powderham Castle, Devonshire; died Dec. 23, 1959, in York. English statesman.

In 1910, Halifax was elected to Parliament as a Conservative member. From 1922 to 1924 and again from 1932 to 1935 he was president of the Board of Education; from 1924 to 1925 he served as minister of agriculture. As viceroy of India from 1926 to 1931, Halifax combined a policy of repression against the national liberation movement with constitutionalist maneuvers to consolidate British domination there. From 1935 to 1937 he was lord privy seal; from 1935 to 1938, leader of the House of Lords and deputy prime minister. As foreign secretary from 1938 to 1940, Halifax favored a policy of appeasement toward the fascist aggressors. During his negotiations with Hitler in November 1937, Halifax set forth a program of Anglo-German entente having an anti-Soviet tendency. From 1941 to 1946 he served as ambassador to the United States. From 1947 to 1953 he presided over the general consultative council of the BBC.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.