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Greece: see KhalkísKhalkís
or Chalcis
, city (1991 pop. 51,646), capital of Évvoia (Euboea) prefecture, E Greece, on the island of Évvoia. Connected to the mainland by a bridge, the city is a trade center for local products, including wine, cotton, and citrus fruits.
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(also Khalkis), an ancient city in Greece, on the island of Euboea. The city’s name is said to derive from the Greek word for copper (chalkos), which was mined nearby. The copper mines combined with Chalcis’ advantageous geographic location and fertile soil to make the city the leading economic center in Euboea.

Beginning in the eighth century B.C., Chalcis took part in the colonization of Thrace, Sicily, and southern Italy. The people of Italy acquired the Greek alphabet from the Chalcidians. At the end of the sixth century B.C., Chalcis fell under Athenian domination. Except for the period of the Peloponnesian War (431–404), the city remained under Athenian control until the mid-fourth century B.C. In 338, Chalcis fell under the sway of Macedonia.

In 168 B.C. the Romans took control of the city. In 146 B.C. they punished Chalcis for taking part in an anti-Roman uprising by sacking the city and tearing down its fortifications. Chalcis was later rebuilt and was used by first the Romans and then the Byzantines as a military base for control of the sea lanes along the eastern coast of Greece.


a city in SE Greece, at the narrowest point of the Euripus strait: important since the 7th century bc, founding many colonies in ancient times. Pop.: 47 600 (1995 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Notice garbage bags cleaning articles and ware and cleaning tools for the needs of the Municipality of Halkida and this Legal Entities.
Central Greece SA to show sponsor to provide supportive service for proper functioning Office landfill Thebes, the Office landfill Lamia of D / Directorate of Municipal Solid Waste Management, landfill Halkida Office of D / Directorate of Municipal Solid Waste Management, the Office landfill Istieas of D / Directorate of Municipal Solid Waste Management, recycling Office, the Office support section Fthiotida of D / Division Management of Municipal Solid Waste in the Office Karpenisiou STD, Department Fokidas of D / Division Management of Municipal Solid Waste in the Office support activities Cleaning of D / Directorate of Municipal Solid Waste Management, the Evia Chamber support Office of D.
Design contest: Open architectural competition drafts "restoration emergence, development and operational rehabilitation of halkida municipal market and regeneration of geitneiazousas palteias market surfaces.
Contractor address : Protection and Solidarity Halkida (D.O.P.P.A.CH.)
Contract notice: Supply of fuel for heating buildings-movement of vehicles and machinery for the municipality of halkida and legal persons that.
Contract notice: provision of cleaning services of rolling stock trainose sa for trains used on suburban routes piraeus - ai redi - afidnes - halkida, athens-top liosia, athens international airport - a.