mushroom poisoning

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mushroom poisoning,

fungal poisoning caused by ingestion of certain mushrooms (fungal organisms), most commonly Amanita phalloides and Amanita muscaria and related species. Symptoms, caused by toxic peptides, may include severe abdominal pain, vomiting, cold sweat, diarrhea, and excessive thirst; they appear 8 to 12 hours after ingestion. Damage occurs largely in the liver and kidneys. Some mushrooms contain substances that produce hallucinatory states, e.g., Psilocybe mexicana (see hallucinogenic drughallucinogenic drug
, any of a group of substances that alter consciousness; also called psychotomimetic (i.e., mimicking psychosis), mind-expanding, or psychedelic drug.
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; ergotergot
, disease of rye and other cereals caused by the fungus Claviceps purpurea. The cottony, matlike body, or mycelium, of the fungus develops in the ovaries of the host plant; it eventually turns into a hard pink or purple body, the sclerotium, or ergot, that resembles
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). Occasional outbreaks of poisoning from eating canned mushrooms are not caused by poisonous mushrooms but by botulismbotulism
, acute poisoning resulting from ingestion of food containing toxins produced by the bacillus Clostridium botulinum. The bacterium can grow only in an anaerobic atmosphere, such as that found in canned foods.
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 resulting from improper canning methods.
References in periodicals archive ?
Local adolescent drug treatment specialists say the hallucinogenic effect of cold and cough medications containing dextromethorphan, the ingredient in Coricidin, is well known among young teen-agers who are beginning to experiment with drugs.
6) The herb produces mild hallucinogenic effects in some users and has been in the news, with both lawmakers and media weighing in on the legality of this compound.
Datura stramonium is a wildly growing plant found in West Virginia and temperate regions throughout the world that is sometimes abused by teens and young adults because of its hallucinogenic effects.
In June, the Commission proposed to ban 5-IT, a substance with stimulant and hallucinogenic effects associated with 24 deaths in four EU countries (Germany, Hungary, the United Kingdom and Sweden).
It is popular with clubbers because of its hallucinogenic effects, the Daily Mail reported.
Worldwide incidence of this toxic presentations from this remedy is unknown, with clusters of poisoning cases, mostly among adolescents using plants for their hallucinogenic effects.
10) Residents of jails and prisons misuse quetiapine for reasons similar to those cited by outpatients: sedation, relief of anxiety, and hallucinogenic effects or "getting high.
WHITE Columbia: a powder, containing ethcathinone, a derivative of stimulant drugs called cathinones, some of which were banned last May RAZ: a powder, containing lignocaine, a local anaesthetic often used as a cocaine substitute ENERGY: a capsule, containing dimethylamylamine (DMAA), a stimulant replacing banned BZP ENTROPY: a capsule, containing glaucine, a relaxant with hallucinogenic effects GO-E: comes in tablet forms and contains DMAA and other substances STAR Dust: a powder, containing fluorotropacocaine, a cocaine substitute and local anaesthetic, and SN*BERRY: a powder, containing caffeine.
Instead, she says nepetalactone seems to have "excitatory and mildly hallucinogenic effects.
Jimsonweed is sometimes consumed intentionally by persons seeking to experience its hallucinogenic effects (1,4), often in a jimsonweed tea (1).
There are some reports of hallucinogenic effects from the seeds.
Plant hallucinogenic effects include a widespread acceptance of the power of the individual who administers and utilizes such substances to negotiate the realms of heaven and the underworlds accessible to the individual by means of such plant ingestion.