Halmahera

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Related to Halmahera Island: Morotai Island

Halmahera

(hälmähâ`rä) or

Jailolo

(jīlô`lô), island (1990 pop. 138,000), c.7,000 sq mi (18,100 sq km), E Indonesia, between New Guinea and Sulawesi, on the equator. The largest of the MoluccasMoluccas
or Spice Islands,
Bahasa Indonesia Maluku, Du. Molukken, island group and prov. (1990 pop. 1,856,075), c.32,300 sq mi (83,660 sq km), E Indonesia, between Sulawesi and New Guinea. The capital of the province is Ambon, on Ambon island.
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 and irregular in shape, it consists of two intersecting mountain ranges (rising to c.5,000 ft/1,520 m), which form four rocky peninsulas separated by three deep bays. There are several active volcanos, lush jungles, streams, and a few lakes. The indigenous population, mostly Malayans, engage in subsistence farming, hunting, and fishing. The chief products are spices, resin, sago, rice, tobacco, and coconuts. There are anchorages at Galela and Weda. Known to the Portuguese and the Spaniards as early as 1525, Halmahera came under Dutch influence in 1660. Taken by the Japanese (1942) in World War II, it was frequently bombed by the Allies. The island has been the scene of Muslim-Christian violence in recent years. The island is sometimes called Jilolo, Djailolo, or Gilolo.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Halmahera

 

(also Jailolo), an island of the Moluccas, in Indonesia. It has an area of 18,000 sq km. Halmahera has a complex configuration, with four peninsulas extending outward from the central region. The island is mountainous and reaches an elevation of 1,635 m at the active volcano Gamkonoro. The climate is equatorial. The temperature in the coastal regions is 25°–28°C throughout the year, and the annual precipitation totals 2,000–3,000 mm. Evergreen forests are found on the island. Agriculture is tropical in nature; coconuts are an important product. Spices and precious woods, such as ebony, are shipped from the island. The port of Jailolo is located on Halmahera.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Halmahera

an island in NE Indonesia, the largest of the Moluccas: consists of four peninsulas enclosing three bays; mountainous and forested. Area: 17 780 sq. km (6865 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
At least 173 people, most Christians, were killed, more than 200 were injured and almost 300 houses were burned Monday in Indonesia's strife-torn Halmahera Island in North Maluku Province during an hourlong attack by Muslims on a Christian village, witnesses said Tuesday.
Police said 108 Christians and eight Muslims died in the attack against the Christian village of Duma, on Halmahera island about 1,600 miles north- east of Jakarta.
The 7.1 quake occurred west of Halmahera island, which is about four hours' flight from the capital, Jakarta, AP reported.
The state-run news agency Antara said the Ulo Putro, which left the port of Bastiong on Ternate Island on Saturday for Galela on Halmahera Island, ran into bad weather and sank.
Hadi of the Tobelo Church in Tobelo told Kyodo News that 176 Christians died during the hourlong attack on the predominantly Christian village of Duma in Halmahera Island's Galela district.
The other foreign mining companies) with which Aneka Tambang cooperates are BHP (which deals in the mining and processing of nickel ores on Gag Island), QNI (which deals in the mining and processing of nickel ores on Halmahera Island), and AMMC (which deals in the mining of alluvial diamond in Central Kalimantan).
The boat was earlier reported missing while on its way from northern Halmahera Island to North Sulawesi Province's Bitung on Saturday, Antara reported earlier in the day.
Reports Friday said at least 13 more people died in clashes between Christians and Muslims in Ambon and on Halmahera Island in North Maluku.