Haloa

Haloa

Late December or early January
The Haloa was an ancient Greek festival in honor of Demeter and Dionysus. It took place in Eleusis near the time of the Winter Solstice. The Haloa is believed to have been an attempt to restore the earth's lost fertility and also, in years when it was obvious that the crops were not growing well, to reverse the course of nature and assist the weak shoots in surviving the winter months.
Only women attended the Haloa. Although there are many theories about what went on there, most involve lewd jokes and games, and uninhibited discussions about sex and illicit love. The celebrants carried sexual organs made out of clay, and pastries made to resemble sex organs were set out on the table. It was believed that such obscene behavior encouraged fertility, and it makes sense in view of the fact that the Haloa was held at a time of year when the fields were frozen and the growth of crops was at a temporary standstill. By manipulating sexual and agricultural symbols, by feasting and carrying on, the women attempted to "warm up" the earth and stimulate its dormant fertility.
SOURCES:
AtticFest-1981, p. 104
DictFolkMyth-1984, p. 867
NewCentClassHandbk-1962, p. 513
References in periodicals archive ?
Egg-size and -number variations related to maternal size and age and the relationship between egg size and larval characteristics in an annual marine gastropod Haloa japonica (Opisthobranchia; Cephalaspidea).
Scarpi (1996: 446) senala que los granos de granada, considerados alimento de los muertos, estaban prohibidos en las Tesmoforias, Misterios eleusinos y los Haloa.
This child, Haloa, is said to be the first human, and from him all Hawaiians are thought to descend.
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Paul Foucart cita os jogos de Haloa, uma especie de Olimpiadas, das quais somente as mulheres participavam (Navarro-Swain, 2000).
For example, I to (1997) showed that egg size and the number of eggs spawned by the sea slug Haloa japonico decreased over the course of the breeding season under laboratory conditions.
Egg-size and -number variations related to maternal size and age, and the relationship between egg size and larval characteristics in an annual marine gastropod, Haloa japonica (Opisthobranchia; Cephalaspidea).
Egg size and number variations related to maternal size and age, and the relationship between egg size and larval characteristics in an annual marine gastropod, Haloa japonica (Opisthobranchia; Cephalaspidea).
4, where a mother asks her daughter what her male lover has given her for the Haloa feast.
51) Note especially the Attic Haloa, a fertility festival held in Demeter's honour at Eleusis.
Begley s home will feature a number of Eaton s residential lighting, wiring and other solutions, including arc fault circuit interrupters, HaloA light-emitting diode (LED) downlights and electrical vehicle chargers.
The true ritual and social significance of such cults is still debated; it was clearly not the case that the Haloa was a simple incitement to sexual impropriety, but we can as a minimum deduce from festivals like the Haloa that the women were wen informed about a range of sexual behaviour much wider than normal conventions approved.