Halocnemum

Halocnemum

 

a genus of plants of the family Chenopodiaceae (goosefoot) containing a single species—H. strobilaceum. The plants are procumbent, strongly branched shrubs measuring up to 50 cm tall. The young shoots, which are fleshy and segmented, have barely developed scalelike leaves. The bisexual flowers are in groups of two or three in the axils of the empty glumes. The perianth is three-lobed and whitish. The one-seeded fruit is indehiscent and enclosed in the perianth.

Halocnemum is distributed in the Mediterranean region, the southern European USSR, the Caucasus, southwestern Siberia, Southwest Asia, Middle Asia, and the northwestern part of Central Asia. The plant is a. halophyte that often forms extensive thickets on solonchaks, salinated shores of seas and lakes, and solonchak lowlands. In the autumn and winter it serves as forage for camels and, to a lesser extent, for sheep and goats. The plant is sometimes used as fuel.

References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, infrequent tide flushing and hypersalinity formed mangrovesalt marsh ecotones where salt-tolerant species like Halocnemum strobilaceum, Suaeda aegyptiaca, Suaeda maritima, Halopeplis perfoliata, Arthrocnemum macrostachyum, and Salicornia herbacea (Table 4) were zoned beyond the dense mangrove areas.
The species of Amaranthaceae (conserved name according to Stevens, 2001 onwards) are very frequent in the supra-littoral vegetation of the European coasts and in saltpans (Anabasis, Arthrocnemum, Halocnemum, Salicornia, Salsola, Sarcocornia, Suaeda, etc.), together with other halophytes able to tolerate high saline concentration and with frequent adaptations to physiological dryness.
The Thilloth (halocnemum strobilaceumhas) is a shrub that grows in the littoral salt marshes along the shores of Qatar and the Gulf, and is most common in south-west Qatar.
DOHA THE 2013 'A Flower Each Spring' programme is dedicated to the conservation of Thilooth (halocnemum strobilaceum), a shrub that grows in the littoral salt marshes along the shores of the Gulf, especially in south-west Qatar, Chairman of the Friends of the Environment Centre Dr Saif Ali al Hajari has said.
En algunos tramos aparecen criptohumedales con quenopodiaceas perennes arbustivas, como Sarcocornia fruticosa, Arthrocnemum macrostachyum y Halocnemum strobilaceum (Caballero et al., 2002; Pardo et al., 2003, 2005).
In Tunisia, its larvae are known to fashion silken tubes on a different saltbush, Halocnemum strobilaceum (Chenopodiaceae), which are similar to those observed on Tetraena.
The solonchak deserts found in different regions of Earth are characterized by the presence of chenopodiaceous subshrubs of the genera Halocnemum, Halostachys, and Kalidium.
For example, most of the solonchaks of central Asia are dominated by clumps of chenopods, mainly sarsasan (Halocnemum strobilaceum) and Kalidium spp.
macrostachyum in the phytocoenoses of Oropos, and Halocnemum strobilaceum was found in the phytocoenoses of the Spercheios River Delta (Table 5).