Hamamelidaceae


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Related to Hamamelidaceae: Aceraceae, Juglandaceae

Hamamelidaceae

[‚ha·mə‚mel·ə′dās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous trees or shrubs in the order Hamamelidales characterized by united carpels, alternate leaves, perfect or unisexual flowers, and free filaments.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hamamelidaceae

 

a family of dicotyledons. Members of Hamamelidaceae are trees or, more often, bushes, usually with regular leaves and stipules. The flowers are small, unisexual or bisexual, gathered into thick capitate or spicate inflorescences. The ovary is half-inferior or almost inferior; sometimes it is superior. The fruit is a boll. There are approximately 25 genera and 110 species, mainly in hot and warm regions of East Asia, but also in the Atlantic regions of North and Central America; a few species are found in South Africa and in tropical Australia. In the Tertiary period, Hamamelidaceae were found in Europe, too. One species of Hamamelidaceae, Persian ironwood, grows wild in the USSR, in Eastern Transcaucasia (Talysh); more than ten species from five genera are cultivated. The best known are the North American (Hamamelis virginiana), the bark and leaves of which are used to prepare blood-clotting agents, and species of the genus Liquidambar (sweet gum tree), which yield aromatic wood, resins, and balsams.

REFERENCE

Takhtadzhian A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966. Pages 119-21.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
These metabolites appear mainly in Bruniaceae, Hamamelidaceae, Saxifragaceae, Fagaceae, Myricaceae, Betulaceae and Juglandaceae.
a BQ 1391 HAMAMELIDACEAE (1/1) Matudaea trinervia Lundell (A) A ECT 2015 HIPPOCRATEACEAE (1/1) Hippocratea celastroides H.B.K.
[9.sup.2] = [2.sup.5] + [7.sup.2] HAMAMELIDACEAE (web2) = ACADEME + MAHEILA (a large river sailing-boat in Iraq)
The more important canopy species include the highly commercially valuable Altingia excelsa (Hamamelidaceae), and several members of the Lauraceae (Litsea) and Fagaceae (Lithocarpus).
It is also a habitat for unique species, such as Rhodoleia sp., a new tree species discovered in 1993 (of an uncommon family, Hamamelidaceae, with the nearest relative on Mt.
While it is a name that will be included in reference books about Liquidambar styraciflua of the Family Hamamelidaceae, the note that this name is potentially misleading as well as botanically incorrect will also likely be included.
Family Scientific Name Caesalpiniaceae Cercis canadenses Cornaceae Cornus amomum Cornaceae Cornus florida Cornaceae Cornus racemosa Cornaceae Nyssa sylvatica Fagaceae Quercus alba Fagaceae Quercus imbricaria Fagaceae Quercus macrocarpa Fagaceae Quercus michauxii Fagaceae Quercus palustres Hamamelidaceae Liquidambar styraciflua Juglandaceae Carya illinoinensis Juglandaceae Juglans nigra Lauraceae Lindera benzoin Oleaceae Fraxinus pennsylvanica Plantanaceae Plantanus occidentales Rosaceae Crataegus phaenopyruin Rosaceae Physocarpus opulifoius Rubiaceae Cephalanthus occidentales Family Common Name Inds.
Word Ways is a treasure trove of logologically-talented words, words such as HORSESHOER in which the letters of the first half of the word are repeated in the second half in a different order; the 5-letter IOUEA (WW May 1993), the only word made exclusively of one each of the five main vowels; and HAMAMELIDACEAE, seemingly the longest word made from first half of the alphabet letters.
In Hamamelidaceae, the bird-pollinated Rhodoleia has flat inflorescences with peripherally radiating (enlarged) petals (Bogle, 1989).
An improvement on the first two of these is the 14-letter HAMAMELIDACEAE, which has received at least three previous mentions in Word Ways (February 1972, my article "Lightweights and Heavyweights" in November 1972, and February 1979).