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see HamaHama
or Hamah
, city (1995 est. pop. 280,000), capital of Hama governorate, W central Syria, on the Orontes River. It is the market center for an irrigated farm region where cotton, wheat, barley, millet, and corn are grown.
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, Syria.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(now known as Hama), a city and state in central Syria, where a settlement existed from the Neolithic (fourth millennium B.C.). The Aramaean state of Hamath existed from the late second millennium to the late eighth century B.C. and had its center in the city of Hamath. The state is mentioned in the Bible. In the early tenth century B.C., Hamath was under the rule of King David of Israel.

Beginning in the early ninth century, the kings of Hamath waged war against Assyria. Hamath, along with Damascus, flourished as a center of an Aramaen kingdom in the late ninth century B.C. In the eighth century B.C., Hamath was conquered by Assyria, and it became an Assyrian province circa 720 B.C. During the Hellenistic age the city was known as Epiphania. Destroyed during the Arab conquests, it was rebuilt in the reign of the Umayyads and again renamed Hamath. Between 1931 and 1938, a Danish expedition excavated a large Iron Age cemetery with cremations.


Klengel, H. Geschichte Syriens im 2. Jahrtausend von unserer Zeit, parts 1–3. Berlin, 1965–70.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(28) The question placed in the mouth of the Rabshakeh indicates concern not just with the political and military effects of Assyrian imperial conquests, but with the theological issues they raise: Where is the god of Hamath and of Arpad?
One example appears in the annals of Tiglath-Pileser III, who describes the extent of his conquests during his 738 campaign against Hamath by enumerating toponyms with particular reference to the mountains, which served as district borders.
The foundation of the Aramaean settlement at Syene is more difficult to date, but based on information especially from the Papyrus Amherst 63 (the unique Aramaic text in Demotic script) Porten finds their origins to have been Arash/Rash (a land between Babylonia and Elam), as well as southern Syria (Bit Agusi and Hamath), with a migration to Samaria in the days of Assurbanipal before they came to Egypt.
"Pharaoh Necho imprisoned him in Riblah in the area of Hamath against his reigning in Jerusalem.
Dieses Muster ist feststellbar bei Angriffen gegen Sam'al (858), Patin (858), Karkemis (857, 849, 848), Hamath (853, 848), Bit-Agusi (849, 848, 833/32), Que (839, 833/32), und Melid (835).
Die Namen der selten angegriffenen und noch seltener eroberten Reichszentren werden in Salmanassars Inschriften zumeist nur dann erwahnt, wenn, wie im Falle von Karkemis, Sam'al, Melid oder Hamath, die Hauptstadt dem dazugehorigen Reich den Namen gab.
Dalley's work, "Yahweh in Hamath in the Eighth Century B.C.: Cuneiform Material and Historical Deductions" (VT40 [1990]: 21-32).
15) mais avec Dupont-Sommer, l'interpretation geographique du mot SBH dans des graffiti de Hamath parait vraisemblable.
Lu-ri-[lum.sup.ki], or perhaps Lu-ri-[num.sup.ki], a royal client city, probably located on the eastern periphery of the Ebla Empire, cannot be equated with [U.sub.9]-ri-[lum.sub.ki] (also called Ur-[lu.sup.ki]/Ur-[lum.sup.ki]/Ur-[lu.sup.ki]/Ur-[lum.sup.ki]), an agricultural settlement from a frequently listed group of localities which, form the occurrences of several of them in the records of Alalah IV (including uruU-ri-lu), Ugarit, the Neo-Hittite kingdom of Hamath, and in modern toponymy, can be assigned to a district southwest of the city of Ebla.
Further on, there is a reference to 19 nage sa URU Hammatti adi alani sa sihirtisunu sa ahi tamti sa sulmu dsamsi sa ina hitti u gullulti ana Azriyau ekimu ana misir mat Assur utirra, "nineteen districts of Hamath with the towns around them, which are on the coast of the sea of the setting of the sun, which they had taken away for Azriyau, I restored to the territory of Assyria" (Rost 1893: ii, 22, line 131).