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see HamaHama
or Hamah
, city (1995 est. pop. 280,000), capital of Hama governorate, W central Syria, on the Orontes River. It is the market center for an irrigated farm region where cotton, wheat, barley, millet, and corn are grown.
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, Syria.



(now known as Hama), a city and state in central Syria, where a settlement existed from the Neolithic (fourth millennium B.C.). The Aramaean state of Hamath existed from the late second millennium to the late eighth century B.C. and had its center in the city of Hamath. The state is mentioned in the Bible. In the early tenth century B.C., Hamath was under the rule of King David of Israel.

Beginning in the early ninth century, the kings of Hamath waged war against Assyria. Hamath, along with Damascus, flourished as a center of an Aramaen kingdom in the late ninth century B.C. In the eighth century B.C., Hamath was conquered by Assyria, and it became an Assyrian province circa 720 B.C. During the Hellenistic age the city was known as Epiphania. Destroyed during the Arab conquests, it was rebuilt in the reign of the Umayyads and again renamed Hamath. Between 1931 and 1938, a Danish expedition excavated a large Iron Age cemetery with cremations.


Klengel, H. Geschichte Syriens im 2. Jahrtausend von unserer Zeit, parts 1–3. Berlin, 1965–70.
References in periodicals archive ?
1 - Providing service intertubular inspection Hamath technology and technology of stray magnetic flux (MFL technology) or equivalent, two sections of the transmission system of Bulgartransgas Ltd.
Other topics include the Kingdom of Hamath, typological and technical aspects of pottery, and coins.
1 named - intertubular inspection hamath technology and technology of stray magnetic flux (mfl technology) or equivalent, two sections of the transmission system of "bulgartransgas" ltd.
others from dies with letters engraved so that they are in relief on the bricks--unlike the cuneiform brick stamps, but attested by a fragment of an Aramaic stamp found at Hamath, as the discussion of "Inscribed and Impressed Bricks" notes (p.
In that day, my Lord will apply His hand again to redeeming the other part of His people from Assyria--as also from Egypt, Pathros, Nubia, Elam, Shinar, Hamath, and the coastlands.
The repeated failure of rebellions against Assyria (such as that led by Hamath in 720, and the various uprisings led by Ashdod and supported by Egypt which took place between 720 and 712) (27) lends plausibility to the imperial claims, and partisans of the "YHWH-alone party" would have felt it necessary to address this claim.
Ussishkin, "Building IV in Hamath and the Temples of Solomon and Tell Tayanat," IEJ 16 (1966): 104-10; J.
Pharaoh Necho imprisoned him in Riblah in the area of Hamath against his reigning in Jerusalem.