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a political demonstration in the village of Hambach near Neustadt in the Bavarian district of Pfalz on May 27, 1832, prepared by Wirth, Siebenpfeifer, and other representatives of the liberal and radical bourgeoisie. About 30,000 participants assembled at Hambach, mostly Germans from various parts of the country but also Polish and French emigres. The speakers demanded unification of Germany, introduction of constitutional liberties, and transformation of Germany into a federal republic like the Swiss confederation. Similar demonstrations took place in several other southwest German towns.
The most active participants of the Hambacher Fest were arrested. The German Diet passed a law on June 28, 1832, that abolished freedom of the press and prohibited political associations, popular assemblies, and the like; it also passed a resolution (July 5, 1832) providing for the cooperation of the armies of the German confederation with all German rulers who were threatened by revolution. The Hambacher Fest was one of the signs of the oppositional feelings and unification tendencies that had been strengthened in the German states under the influence of the July Revolution of 1830 in France.
REFERENCEBecker, A. Hambach und Pirmasens: Beiträge zur Geschichte des Hambacher Festes Pirmasens, 1928.
M. I. MIKHAILOV