Hamadan

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Hamadan

(hämädän`), city (1991 pop. 349,653), capital of Hamadan prov., W Iran, at the foot of Mt. Alwand. Located at an altitude of 6,000 ft (1,829 m), it is the trade center for a fertile farm region where fruit and grain are grown. The city is noted for its rugs, leatherwork, textiles, chemicals, and wood and metal products. In ancient times, as Hangmatana or Agbatana, it was a capital of MediaMedia
, ancient country of W Asia whose actual boundaries cannot be defined, occupying generally what is now W Iran and S Azerbaijan. It extended from the Caspian Sea to the Zagros Mts.
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. It was known to the Greeks as EcbatanaEcbatana
, capital of ancient Media, later the summer residence of Achaemenid and Parthian kings, beautifully situated at the foot of Mt. Elvend and NE of Behistun. In 549 B.C. it was captured by Cyrus the Great.
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. In the 7th cent. Hamadan passed to the Arabs, and it was later held by the Seljuk Turks (12th–13th cent.) and the Mongols (13th–14th cent.). The city has had a Jewish colony for many years; the reputed tombs of Mordecai and Esther (see EstherEsther
, book of the Bible. It is the tale of the beautiful Jewish woman Esther [Heb.,= Hadassah], who is chosen as queen by the Persian King Ahasuerus (Xerxes I or II) after he has repudiated his previous wife, Vashti.
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, book of the Bible) are there. AvicennaAvicenna
, Arabic Ibn Sina, 980–1037, Islamic philosopher and physician, of Persian origin, b. near Bukhara. He was the most renowned philosopher of medieval Islam and the most influential name in medicine from 1100 to 1500.
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, the physician and philosopher, is buried in Hamadan.

Hamadan

 

a city in western Iran. Population, approximately 136,000 (1975). Hamadan is a highway junction and the principal commercial center of western Iran; it manufactures textiles, food products, wood products, and rugs.

First mentioned in the 11th century B.C., Hamadan (ancient Ec-batana) is one of Iran’s oldest cities. The capital of Media in the seventh and sixth centuries B.C., it was the summer residence of the Achaemenids after 550 B.C. Under the Seleucids, Parthians, and Sassanids the city was an important stop on the trade route from Mesopotamia to other countries of the East. Hamadan was conquered by the Arabs in the seventh century A.D. and by the Oghuz in the 11th century. From 1118 to 1194 the city was the capital of the Iraqi Sultanate of the Seljuks in western Iran. It was destroyed by the Mongols in 1220. From the 16th to 18th centuries the city was controlled by the Safavids.

Hamadan’s architectural landmarks include the mausoleum of Gonbad-e Alaviyan (12th century and 1309–16), which is decorated with ornamental brickwork, stucco, and carved terra-cotta. More recent architecture is represented by the mausoleum of Avicenna (1952, architect H. Seyhun) and the tomb of Kemal al Molk (1950’s, architect H. Seyhun). Hamadan is a rug-making center.

Hamadan

, Hamedan
city in W central Iran, at an altitude of over 1830 m (6000 ft.): changed hands several times from the 17th century between Iraq, Persia, and Turkey; trading centre. Pop.: 508 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The governor of Hamedan City, Ali Ta'ali, has said that local and nonlocal people are among the detainees, Tasnim news agency reported.
The study protocol was approved by the Ethical Committee of Hamedan University of Medical Sciences.
Pour la premiere fois, des bombardiers russes ont decolle d'une base iranienne, a Hamedan, dans le nord-ouest du pays, pour larguer leurs bombes sur des positions du groupe Etat islamique (EI) et du Front al-Nosra devenu le Front Fateh al-Cham.
Pour la premiere fois, la base aerienne de Hamedan a servi aux raids aeriens des avions de combat russes.
Russia has requested from Iraq and Iran airspace permission for transporting cruise missiles into Syria Russian warplanes have been deployed to the Hamedan Air Base in western Iran and some of the 22 strategic TU-22M3 bombers have already carried out sorties against ISIS targets in Syria, Iran's Al-Masdar News reported Their deployment to Hamedan reduces by 60% the 2,150km flight distance from Russia's Modzok airfield to Palmyra, Syria to just 900km.
The Iranian air base near Hamadan, sometimes also called Hamedan, is located in north-west Iran and the Russian bombers would have to over fly Iraq to strike Syria.
Rossiya 24 channel said earlier that Russian bombers reached in the Iranian Hamedan air base to participate in strikes on ISIS terrorist organization positions in Syria, pointing out that deploying the Russian jets in Iran facilitate their work through reducing flight time by 60% .
9 billion in the Iranian province of Hamedan over a 10-year period to construct a solar power plant and other facilities, a report said.
TAVANIR is further planning to ink similar agreements for up to 600 MW in the western and central provinces of Markazi, Lorestan and Hamedan.
Tarom accession had the higher harvesting index, number of leaves, corm diameter, neck diameter to corm diameter ratio, cormlet weight and corm dry matter and the lowest corm height and number of cormlet while the highest total yield and neck diameter was obtained from Hamedan and Langroud accessions respectively (Table 6).
Jadmani who is currently in Hamedan to attend the International Conference on Mir Seyyed Ali Hamedani told reporters Thursday that fighting terrorism has been on his country's agenda since years ago.