Hamilton, James, 1st earl of Arran

Hamilton, James, 1st earl of Arran

(ăr`ən), 1477?–1529, Scottish nobleman; son of the 1st Baron Hamilton and Mary, daughter of James II of Scotland. He was privy councilor to James IV, by whom he was created (1503) earl of Arran. After the death (1513) of James and the marriage of his widow, Margaret TudorMargaret Tudor,
1489–1541, queen consort of James IV of Scotland; daughter of Henry VII of England and sister of Henry VIII. Her marriage (1503) to James was accompanied by a treaty of "perpetual peace" between Scotland and England, a peace that was ended when James
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, to Archibald DouglasDouglas, Archibald, 6th earl of Angus,
1489–1557, Scottish nobleman; grandson of Archibald Douglas, 5th earl of Douglas.
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, 6th earl of Angus, Arran opposed their custody of the young James VJames V,
1512–42, king of Scotland (1513–42), son and successor of James IV. His mother, Margaret Tudor, held the regency until her marriage in 1514 to Archibald Douglas, 6th earl of Angus, when she lost it to John Stuart, duke of Albany.
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. He rebelled against the new regent, John StuartStuart or Stewart, John, duke of Albany
, 1481–1536, regent of Scotland; son of Alexander Stuart, duke of Albany, and grandson of James II of Scotland.
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, duke of Albany, in 1515 but thereafter supported him, serving on the council of regency during Albany's absences (1517–20 and 1522–24). When Angus returned (1524) to Scotland, Arran had to come to terms with him and assisted him in keeping the king prisoner. After James's escape (1528), however, Arran joined the royal party.
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