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Related to Hamites: Hamitic hypothesis


African people of caucasoid descent who occupy the Horn of Africa (chiefly Somalia and Ethiopia), the western Sahara, and parts of Algeria and Tunisia. They are believed to be the original settlers of N Africa. The Hamitic cradleland is generally agreed to be in Asia—perhaps S Arabia or possibly an area farther east. The Hamites entered Africa in a long succession of migrations, of which the earliest may have been as far back as the end of the pluvial period. They are commonly divided into two great branches, Eastern and Northern. The Eastern Hamites comprise the ancient and modern Egyptians, the Beja, the Berberines, the OromoOromo
or Galla
, traditionally pastoral tribes who live in W and S Ethiopia and N Kenya. They number more than 25 million. About half are Muslim, about a third Ethiopian Orthodox, and about a sixth Protestant.
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, the Somali, the Danakil, and most Ethiopians. The Northern Hamites include the BerbersBerbers,
aboriginal Caucasoid peoples of N Africa, called Imazighen in the Tamazight language. They inhabit the lands lying between the Sahara and the Mediterranean Sea and between Egypt and the Atlantic Ocean.
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 of Cyrenaica, Tripolitania, Tunisia, and Algeria; the Berbers of Morocco; the TuaregTuareg
or Touareg
, Berbers of the Sahara, numbering c.2 million. They have preserved their ancient alphabet, which is related to that used by ancient Libyans.
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 and Tibu of the Sahara; the Fulbe of the Western Sudan; and the extinct Guanche of the Canary Islands.
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The author claims that "[t]he Negro race is made up of several tribal groups," which he lists as "the Senegalese group, the Guinea group and the Bantu group," and the author also notes that "mixture" of African people with, and the influences of, "Hamites and Semites of the north" produced "separate and different races" and "new racial groups" ("such as the Fulani" or "Nilo-Hamities and the Nilotes") and cultural hybridizations ("such as the Hausa") (64).
The Tutsi of Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi were labeled "Hamites" for their supposed cultural superiority, whereas smaller, darker people such as the Twa and Hutu were not.
Benjamin Braude has pointed to a "movement from medieval polyphony to modem monophony" in the story's interpretation, naming the years 1589-1625 as the time when a broad range of alternative medieval ethnic geographies yielded to the familiar racialized concept of African Hamite enslavement ("The Sons of Noah and the Construction of Ethnic and Geographical Identities in the Medieval and Early Modern Periods," The William and Mary Quarterly 54, no.
Saying that the Hamites settled in Europe is just as valid as saying that they settled in Africa.
Bernal refers to Flaubert's depiction of the Carthaginians as a "mixture of Negroes, Hamites, and Semites" (1987, 356) which represented the accumulation of all the opposites of "decent masculine white society." In this context, Sylvia's espousal of the Carthaginians has radical implications.
Into that polysemous, polyphonous, multivocal African in Southern Africa may be thrown Bushmen from the Kalahari, Hottentots and Pygmies from Congo Basin, the Negroes of West Africa, Hamitic Negroes of Northern East and East Central Africa and the non-Negroid Hamites of North Africa, and Arabs.
Seligman, in his book, THE RACES OF AFRICA, states that the Hamites who are Caucasians comprise the ancient Egyptians, Nubians, and most Ethiopians.
Ham was considered the ancestor of the nations of Cush (Ethiopia), Mizraim (Egypt), Put (modern-day Libya), and Canaan, as well as being the eponymous forerunner of the Hamites. The appellation Ham was used also as a poetic name for Egypt.
Nilotic flora and fauna were well integrated into the belief and cultural systems, including writing." (94) Firmin identifies precisely the Hamites, "the inventors of geometry," as the people who lived on the shores of the Nile.
But as it happened, the original notion of the Hamite Hypothesis was based on the false belief that the Hamites were blacks or "Negroes".
Phut "was seated to the west of Mizraim, and so extended himself along the Coast of the Mediterranean Sea, toward the Straights of Gibraltar, and especially along the River Niger, as far as the western Ocean about Cape Verde." (17) Bedford continues discussing what he believes must have been the migration of Hamites throughout Africa.