Hamites


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Related to Hamites: Hamitic hypothesis

Hamites,

African people of caucasoid descent who occupy the Horn of Africa (chiefly Somalia and Ethiopia), the western Sahara, and parts of Algeria and Tunisia. They are believed to be the original settlers of N Africa. The Hamitic cradleland is generally agreed to be in Asia—perhaps S Arabia or possibly an area farther east. The Hamites entered Africa in a long succession of migrations, of which the earliest may have been as far back as the end of the pluvial period. They are commonly divided into two great branches, Eastern and Northern. The Eastern Hamites comprise the ancient and modern Egyptians, the Beja, the Berberines, the OromoOromo
or Galla
, traditionally pastoral tribes who live in W and S Ethiopia and N Kenya. They number more than 25 million. About half are Muslim, about a third Ethiopian Orthodox, and about a sixth Protestant.
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, the Somali, the Danakil, and most Ethiopians. The Northern Hamites include the BerbersBerbers,
aboriginal Caucasoid peoples of N Africa, called Imazighen in the Tamazight language. They inhabit the lands lying between the Sahara and the Mediterranean Sea and between Egypt and the Atlantic Ocean.
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 of Cyrenaica, Tripolitania, Tunisia, and Algeria; the Berbers of Morocco; the TuaregTuareg
or Touareg
, Berbers of the Sahara, numbering c.2 million. They have preserved their ancient alphabet, which is related to that used by ancient Libyans.
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 and Tibu of the Sahara; the Fulbe of the Western Sudan; and the extinct Guanche of the Canary Islands.
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In the North are the Hamites and the Semites, descendants of common origin; and the Negroes, Bushmen, Hottentots, Pygmies or Negrillos and the Bantu Negro group in East, West, Central and South Africa (78).
The Eastern Hamites are made up of the Egyptians, the Seja, the Berberines, the Galla, the Sourali, the Danakil and most Ethiopians.
Lest we assume the universality of this racist symbol among Christians or Protestants, Frederickson reminds us that a concept of Hamites played little role in South Africa, where a particular model of Christian national culture was used to justify apartheid.
Saying that the Hamites settled in Europe is just as valid as saying that they settled in Africa.
The victim would never have been classified as a black man by anthropologists, but as a Hamite, which is a member of the Caucasian group, who "did not always look white.
He exclaims that they existed "more than three thousand years before the Christian era, when the European nations were still in a barbarous state, the Hamites who lived on the shores of the Nile had already been doing geometric computations, calculating the area of different types of surfaces.
But as it happened, the original notion of the Hamite Hypothesis was based on the false belief that the Hamites were blacks or "Negroes".
17) Bedford continues discussing what he believes must have been the migration of Hamites throughout Africa.
Charles Gabriel Seligman, one of the most influential ethnologists of this century has argued, from his chair of ethnology at the University of London, that the Hamites, whom he considered to be of Caucasian and Semitic origin, were the 'great civilizing force of Black Africa'.
The incoming Hamites were pastoral Europeans [sic]--arriving wave after wave better armed as well as quicker twitted [sic] than the dark agricultural Negroes.
Western historians, ethnologists, anthropologists and archaeologists, when coming across "Akricoids', have labelled them Negroid, Proto-Negroid, Proto-Australoid, Negritic, Negrito (South/ Southeast and Far East Asia) or Hamites, Eurafrikans, Mediterraneans and the Brown Race (Southwest Asia).