Hammurabi


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Hammurabi
BirthplaceBabylon
Known for Code of Hammurabi

Hammurabi

(hämo͝orä`bē), fl. 1792–1750 B.C., king of BabyloniaBabylonia
, ancient empire of Mesopotamia. The name is sometimes given to the whole civilization of S Mesopotamia, including the states established by the city rulers of Lagash, Akkad (or Agade), Uruk, and Ur in the 3d millennium B.C.
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. He founded an empire that was eventually destroyed by raids from Asia Minor. Hammurabi may have begun building the tower of Babel (Gen. 11.4), which can now be identified with the temple-tower in Babylon called Etemenanki. His code of laws is one of the greatest of ancient codes. It is carved on a diorite column, in 3,600 lines of cuneiform; it was found (1902) at Susa and is now at Paris. The code, which addresses such issues as business and family relations, labor, private property, and personal injuries, is generally humanitarian. One severe feature, however, is the retributive nature of the punishment, which follows "an eye for an eye" literally. Much of the code is drawn from earlier Sumerian and Semitic laws, which seem to provide the basis for its harshly punitive nature.

Hammurabi

 

King of Babylonia (1792–1750 B.C.). The ascendancy of Babylonia is associated with his name.

An Amorite in origin, Hammurabi was a skillful politician and military leader. Within 35 years he succeeded, by military force and diplomacy, in bringing Assyria and the southern and middle regions of Mesopotamia under Babylonian Tule. His codification of the law, known as the Code of Hammurabi, reflected various significant developments under his reign—specifically, the expansion of commodity-money relations, the growth of private slaveholding, the increasing centralization of the state, and the consolidation of the king’s power.

Hammurabi

Babylonian king (c. 1800 B.C.); established first systematic legal code. [Classical Hist.: EB, 8: 598–599]

Hammurabi

, Hammurapi
?18th century bc, king of Babylonia; promulgator of one of the earliest known codes of law
References in periodicals archive ?
The Code of Hammurabi, dating back to 1754 BC, contains specific legislation regulating surgeons and medical compensation.
The Tory toff said: "I have to say I think it's absolutely crazy you've already got the Labour leader commissioning great stones that are going to be engraved like the commandments of Moses or Hammurabi or something, with what he wants to do."
The code of Hammurabi says, "An eye for an eye.'' The majority of Americans believe the death penalty fits this crime.
A very interesting example of such comparisons is the author's discussion of "an eye for an eye," where he shows that even according to the Code of Hammurabi this law was not understood literally (p.
The other profiles include writer of the Declaration of Independence and the third president of the US, Thomas Jefferson; King of Babylonia, Hammurabi; Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Suleiman; Athenian statesman, Solon; Napoleon I, and Maimonides, among other significant leaders from different periods of history.
They include familiar texts like the Babylonian creation and flood stories, the Code of Hammurabi, and ancient treaties/covenants, but also parallels to prophetic symbolic actions and oracles against foreign nations, prayers, hymns, and laments.
In the ancient texts, Gilmagesh, Hammurabi and Ramses II were all likened to shepherds.
Teaching medical ethics: A teaching module based on PBL, Good medical practice, Nebuchadnezzar and the Hammurabi code.
landlocked nations such as Babylonia-had anything resembling marine insurance, they did have codes of professional conduct under King Hammurabi that dealt with issues such as building collapse responsibility.