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Hampton,since 1965 part of the Greater London outer borough of Richmond upon ThamesRichmond upon Thames,
outer borough (1991 pop. 154,600) of Greater London, SE England. The borough was created in 1965 by the merger of the municipal boroughs of Barnes, Richmond, and Twickenham.
..... Click the link for more information. , SE England, on the Thames River. It is the site of Hampton Court Palace, which occupies about eight acres (3.25 hectares) and contains approximately 1,000 rooms. The palace was begun by Cardinal Wolsey in 1514 as his private residence. After his downfall it was taken (1530) by Henry VIII and remained a royal residence until the time of George II. William III had part of it torn down and enlarged and redesigned by Christopher WrenWren, Sir Christopher,
1632–1723, English architect. A mathematical prodigy, he studied at Oxford. He was professor of astronomy at Gresham College, London, from 1657 to 1661, when he became Savilian professor of astronomy at Oxford.
..... Click the link for more information. . Although much of the palace has been open to the public since 1838, many of its rooms are occupied by royal pensioners. A portion of the Wren building was gutted by fire in 1986, restored, and reopened to the public in 1993. On the palace grounds is a sumptuous garden, the site of a celebrated maze. The Hampton Court Conference (1604) was held early in the reign of James I; its purpose was to consider reforms of the Established Church for which its Puritan clergy had petitioned. Few concessions were made to the Puritans. The conference authorized a new version of the Bible (the King James Version).
Hampton,city (1990 pop. 133,793), independent and in no county, SE Va., a port of Hampton Roads at the mouth of the James River, connected to Norfolk by bridge and tunnel; settled 1610 by colonists from Jamestown, inc. 1849. It has a large seafood packing and shipping industry (fish, crabs, and oysters), as well as manufacturing (computers, electronic and transportation equipment, machinery, chemicals, and wood products). Nearby military installations include Joint Base Langley-Eustis (including Langley Air Force BaseLangley Air Force Base,
U.S. military installation, 3,195 acres (1,293 hectares), SE Va., N of Hampton; est. 1917 and named for aviation pioneer Samuel P. Langley, amalgamated 2010 with Fort Eustis into Joint Base Langley-Eustis.
..... Click the link for more information. ) and adjacent NASA Langley Research Center; Fort MonroeFort Monroe,
SE Va., commanding the entrance to Chesapeake Bay and Hampton Roads; named for President James Monroe. The fortress (80 acres/32 hectares) was built (1819–34) by the U.S. government on the site of English fortifications erected in 1609 and 1727.
..... Click the link for more information. , built 1819–34 to command the entrance to Chesapeake Bay and now decommissioned, is a national monument.
One of the oldest continuous English settlements in the country, Hampton was founded on the site of the Native American village Kecoughtan. It was attacked by pirates in the late 17th cent. (BlackbeardBlackbeard,
d. 1718, English pirate. His name was probably Edward Teach, Thatch, or Thach. He probably began as a privateer in the War of the Spanish Succession (1701–14), then turned pirate.
..... Click the link for more information. was captured off the coast), shelled in the Revolutionary War, sacked by the British in 1813, and nearly burned to the ground by evacuating Confederates in 1861 to prevent its possession by Union troops. It is the seat of Hampton Univ. Of interest are St. John's Episcopal Church (1728; original church est. 1610) and a nearby reproduction of a Native American village.
Hampton (Independent City), Virginia
Hampton, VA 23669
Phone: (757) 727-6000
In southeastern VA, 7 mi. northeast of Newport News. Founded 1680; incorporated as a city in 1952. Name Origin: For Hampton Creek, earlier called the Southampton River, itself named for Henry Wriothesley (1573-1624), 3rd Earl of Southampton
Area (sq mi):: 136.23 (land 51.78; water 84.45) Population per square mile: 2811.50
Population 2005: 145,579 State rank: 12 Population change: 2000-20005 -0.60%; 1990-2000 9.50% Population 2000: 146,437 (White 48.50%; Black or African American 44.70%; Hispanic or Latino 2.80%; Asian 1.80%; Other 3.90%). Foreign born: 3.90%. Median age: 34.00
Income 2000: per capita $19,774; median household $39,532; Population below poverty level: 11.30% Personal per capita income (2000-2003): $23,945-$27,236
Unemployment (2004): 4.90% Unemployment change (from 2000): 1.10% Median travel time to work: 21.80 minutes Working outside county of residence: 48.10%
See other counties in Virginia.
a city on the Atlantic coast of the USA, in the state of Virginia; a suburb of the city of Newport News. Population, 128,000 (1975). Hampton is a port in the harbor of Hampton Roads. It has enterprises of the chemical, oil-refining, machine-building, and food-processing industries.