South Korea

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South Korea:

see under KoreaKorea
, Korean Hanguk or Choson, region and historic country (85,049 sq mi/220,277 sq km), E Asia. A peninsula, 600 mi (966 km) long, Korea separates the Sea of Japan (called the East Sea by Koreans) on the east from the Yellow Sea (and Korea Bay [or West Korea
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Korea, South

Official name: Republic of Korea

Capital city: Seoul

Internet country code: .kr

Flag description: White with a red (top) and blue yin-yang symbol in the center; there is a different black trigram from the ancient I Ching (Book of Changes) in each corner of the white field

National anthem: “Aegukga” (Love the Country)

National flower: Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus Syriacus L.)

Geographical description: Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea

Total area: 38,022 sq. mi. (98,477 sq. km.)

Climate: Temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter

Nationality: noun: Korean(s); adjective: Korean

Population: 49,044,790 (July 2007 CIA est.)

Ethnic groups: Korean; small Chinese minority

Languages spoken: Korean, English

Religions: Christian 26.3% (Protestant 19.7%, Roman Catholic 6.6%), Buddhist 23.2%, other or unknown 1.3%, none 49.3%

Legal Holidays:

Assumption DayAug 28
Children's DayMay 5
Independence Movement DayMar 1
Liberation DayAug 15
Memorial DayJun 6
National Foundation DayOct 3
New Year's DayJan 1

South Korea

a republic in NE Asia: established as a republic in 1948; invaded by North Korea and Chinese Communists in 1950 but division remained unchanged at the end of the war (1953); includes over 3000 islands; rapid industrialization. Language: Korean. Religions: Buddhist, Confucianist, Shamanist, and Chondokyo. Currency: won. Capital: Seoul. Pop.: 47 950 000 (2004 est.). Area: 98 477 sq. km (38 022 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Yi Sihang, Hwaun sonsaeng munjip [Collected Works of Yi Sihang], originally published in 1738, reprinted in Han'guk yoktae munjip ch'ongso 636 (Seoul, 1998), 250-65 and 595 (page reference to the reprint edition).
For divergent memories of Kye Wolhyang and other heroic female entertainers from this period, see Chong Chiyong, "Nongae wa Kye Wolhyang ui chugum: Choson sidae uigi ui t'ansaeng kwa paejedwaen kioktul" [Remembering the Deaths of Nongae and Kye Wolhyang: The Invention of Loyal Kisaeng in Choson and the Excluded Memories], Han'guk yosonghak 23, no.
Kwon Oyong, "Tangun-rung sagon kwa Taedong-gang munhwa-ron ui chongae" [The Incident of Tangun Tomb and the Development of the Theory of the Taedong River Civilization], in Han'guk yoksa yon'guhoe Pukhan sahaksa yon'guban, ed.
33:3, quoted in Han'guk chonggyo sasang [A History of Korean Religious Thought], ed.
The survey was titled Han'guk kyohoe 100-yon chonghap chosa yon'gu (Centennial Comprehensive Study of the Korean [Protestant] Church) and was conducted by the Christian Institute for the Study of Justice and Development; it was published by Hyondae sahoe yonguso.
34) Yi Mahn-yol, "Tan'gun sinhwa munje e taehan kidokkyohoe ui ipchang" [The Christian (Protestant) Church's Position on the Tan'gun Myth Problem], in Han'guk kidokkyo yongu: Hanguk kidokkyo wa minjok t'ongil undong [Studies in Korean Christianity: Korean Christianity and a Movement for National Unification] (Seoul: Han'guk kidokkyo yoksa yonguso, 2001).
Ch'orhak 78 (2004): 29-49; Chong Yong-sik, "Pojo Chinul kwa Chin'gak Hyesim e mich'in Chungguk Son ui yonghyang," Han'guk minjok munhwa 28 (2006): 264-67; Kwon Ki-jong, "Hyesim ui Son sasang yon'gu," Pulgyo hakpo 19 (1982): 201-17; and Kang Song-gyu, "Choson hugi Chin'gak kuksa Hyesim yon'gu" (PhD diss.
For details, see Han Ki-du, Han'guk Son sasang yon'gu (Seoul: Ilchisa, 1991), 567-96, and Kim PyOng-hak, "Choson hugi pulgyo Son suhaeng nonjaeng e kwanhan yon'gu" (PhD diss.
dissertation, Han'guk Chongsin Munhwa Yon'guwon, 2002), 199-236.
Yi Nam-hui, "Choson hugi 'chapkwa chungin' ui sahoejok yudongsong: kwago hapkyok silt'ae rul chungsim uro" [Social mobility of late Choson 'technical-examination chungin': actual patterns of examination passing], in Han'guk kundae ihaenggi chungin yon'gu, 302-05.
See Han'guk Yoksa Yon'guhoe and Yoksamunjae Yon'guhoe (Institute for the Study of Korean History and Institute for the Study of Historical Problems), eds.
The Journals of Mattie Wilcox Noble, 1892-1934 (Seoul: Han'guk Kidokkyo Yoksa Yon'guso [Institute of Korean Church History Study], 1993), 275.