Like Hayek, the great legalist scholar Han Fei
Tzu (3rd century, B.C.), thought that "order without direction" required firm rules to guide individual behavior.
The value of jade can be established from the various stories and legends, the most famous of which is 'Returning the Jade Disc Intact to Zhao State' in Han Fei
zi, by Han Fei
Dao Companion to the Philosophy of Han Fei
. New York: Springer, 2013.
Xunzi and Han Fei
on Human Nature, ALEJANDRO BARCENAS
Compared with other distinguished students of this famous scholar, Li Si [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] and Han Fei
[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], Fuqiu was a rather obscure figure.
The horrid doctrines of Legalism attained their finished form in the teaching of Han Fei
Tzu (280-233 B.C.).
Machiavellian thinkers such as Han Fei
(ancient China), Kautilya (ancient India) and Machiavelli himself are discussed along with the unscrupulous deeds of great princes, kings or emperors as rulers and conquerors in their various cultural and historical contexts.
Along the way Fu presents biographical sketches of prominent Legalists, including Guan Zhong, Li Kui, Wu Qi, Shen Dao, Shen Buhai, Shang Yang, Li Si, and Han Fei
. As Fu wryly notes, several of these well-known figures fell prey to the very same Machiavellian techniques and draconian policies they themselves had devised.
, as a chief theorist of the Legalists, also affirmed that selfishness is human nature.
It takes a certain amount of hubris to presume that we today know more about the audience of the Daode jing than the ancient author of those commentaries (whether or not it was Han Fei
Perhaps Han Fei
fits the specifications of an amoral Legalist--but there is a vast difference between the statement that Han Fei
is more interested in statecraft than in moral philosophy, and the statement that the Legalisten "curtly rejected" all discourse pertaining to virtue.
(28.) For example, I have always been suspicious of the name "Han Fei
" [CHINESE CHARACTERS NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] ("Han the Refuter," or conceivably, "The Refuter from Han"), since Han Fei
is one of the most elenctic Writers in the history of Chinese philosophy.