Han character


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Han character

(character)
(From the Han dynasty, 206 B.C.E to 25 C.E.) One of the set of glyphs common to Chinese (where they are called "hanzi"), Japanese (where they are called kanji), and Korean (where they are called hanja).

Han characters are generally described as "ideographic", i.e., picture-writing; but see the reference below.

Modern Korean, Chinese and Japanese fonts may represent a given Han character as somewhat different glyphs. However, in the formulation of Unicode, these differences were folded, in order to conserve the number of code positions necessary for all of CJK. This unification is referred to as "Han Unification", with the resulting character repertoire sometimes referred to as "Unihan".

Unihan reference at the Unicode Consortium.

[John DeFrancis, "The Chinese Language: Fact and Fantasy", University of Hawaii Press, 1984].
References in periodicals archive ?
Unlike languages with alphabetic writing systems, the Chinese language uses Han characters, which correspond to a syllable or, sometimes, a word.
Non-Han characters, on the other hand, are violators of the social, juridical, and familial codes, laws, mores, and values dear to the Han characters. In contrast to the civilized Han, they frequently display animal-like barbarity and are associated with animals and animal traits.
(62) A final coda is added to this heartrending scene, should the abundant moral fortitude and respect for social propriety of the Han characters not be fully evident: Liu Taibao is shown in a heavy downpour outside the cave, struggling with the corpse of Jade-eyed Fox, giving his ferociously evil non-Han enemy a proper burial in a freshly-dug grave.
Without fail, Han characters stand out as more positive or superior when interacting with non-Hans.
ISO 10646 supports the character codes from many existing character sets while Unicode takes the "unification" approach of eliminating the duplicate Han characters. The ISO standard also reserves some 28,672 codes to represent all the control codes already established while Unicode reserves space for only the 65 ASCII control codes.
(4.)Although daily communications can get by using only 2,000 to 4,000 Han characters, Albertine Gaur estimates that the total number of ideograms in Chinese is around 50,000 characters; see Albertine Gaur, A History of Writing, rev.