Team Handball

(redirected from Hand ball)
Also found in: Dictionary.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Handball, Team


(Russian, gandbol or ruchnoi miach), a team sport played with a ball. There are two different types of team handball: seven-man (with seven players on each team) and 11-man (with 11 players on each team). Seven-man handball is considered to have originated in Denmark in 1898; its invention is attributed to H. Nielsen. Seven-man handball is normally played in a gymnasium, on a court 40 m by 20 m. The teams try to throw a round inflated ball (425-475 g, with a circumference of 58-60 cm) into a goal 3 m by 2 m, which is protected by a goalie; the players are not allowed inside the 6-meter zone in front of the opponent’s goal. A normal soccer field and the soccer goal are used for 11-man handball. A game consists of two 30-minute periods for men, with 25-minute periods for women.

Seven-man handball, the more dynamic and entertaining of the two games, gained widespread popularity in the middle of the 20th century in many countries. In the beginning of the 1970’s, approximately 3 million athletes, on all continents, played team handball. The International Handball Federation (IHF) united 40 national federations, including that of the USSR (since 1958). World championships are held every four years, and the European Cup (for club teams) is contested every year. Seven-man handball for men was included in the Olympic Games program in 1972. The leading teams in both men’s and women’s handball (1971) come from socialist countries: Rumania, the German Democratic Republic, Yugoslavia, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia.

In the USSR, team handball has been played since 1919, but it has been popular only since the mid-1950’s. In 1971 approximately 850,000 athletes participated in team handball, including about 250 Masters of Sport. USSR championships are held every year for women’s and men’s teams. Frequent champions and high placers are the MAI (Moscow Aviation Institute) and Kuntsevo (Moscow) sports clubs in the men’s team handball championships and Spartak (Kiev), Zhal’giris (Kaunas), and Luch (Moscow) in women’s team handball.


Ryzhkov, D. L. Ruchnoi miach. Moscow, 1966.
Kunst-Ghermanescu, I. Ruchnoi miach 7:7. Moscow, 1969. (Translated from Rumanian.)


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moments after the Kongolo hand ball appeal, the Town defender put in another sliding challenge on Florin Andone.
STEPHEN MCMANUS 6 Survived penalty appeal against him for hand ball but it would have been harsh.
The national hand ball team continue its victorious march, defeating Saudi Arabia 26 /20 in the last qualifications match.
On 13 minutes Beth Enderwick finally got the reward her endeavour deserved by coolly slotting home the fifth goal and seven minutes later Redcar Athletic were again awarded a penalty kick for hand ball and up stepped Tasha Jones to blast the ball goal wards only for the keeper to make a fine save.
A more fussy referee could have disallowed Diniyar Bilyaletdinov's goal for hand ball, but he also missed a Stephen Carr hand ball in the other goalmouth.
On the same day that Fifa opened a disciplinary case against Henry for a blatant hand ball that helped put France into the World Cup, the Barcelona striker turned Maxwell's pass through the hands of goalkeeper Renan Soares in the 46th minute for his second league goal.
FRANCE coach Raymond Domenech has condemned the backlash against Thierry Henry following his hand ball which sent the French to the World Cup at the expense of Ireland.
ZURICH: FIFA president Sepp Blatter has called an emergency meeting of its executive committee ahead of the World Cup draw in South Africa to deal with the fallout from Thierry Henry's hand ball, violence at Algeria-Egypt games and match-fixing allegations in Europe.
Paul Cochlin headed County into a 21st minute lead from a Danny Rose free-kick, but was then penalised for a hand ball in the penalty area.
Jason Bowen slotted home a 81st minute penalty after a hand ball by Tom Pepper before Fisher spoiled County's clean sheet with an 86th minute goal from Wes Thomas.
YOUNGSTERS in Liverpool are being encouraged to take up hand ball. Central Liverpool primary care trust (PCT) has given Liverpool Hope Handball Club a grant of pounds 2,000 to train teenagers in the sport.
But it seemed only a matter of time before Tamworth fell behind again and in the 61st minute Jon Challinor raced on to a pass to stab the Shots ahead despite a strong suspicion of hand ball. Tris Whitman spurned two chances to bring the Lambs level before substitute Tyron Smith added a fourth for the hosts in the 83rd minute with a sweetly-struck right-footed volley.