graphology

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graphology

the study of handwriting, esp to analyse the writer's character

Graphology

 

the study of handwriting, the investigation of handwriting to discern the characteristics and psychic state of the writer reflected in it.

Handwriting is a type of expressive movement, with the special feature that it is “self-recording” and thus is always open to study. The view of handwriting as a distinct expression of a man goes back to antiquity (Theophrastus and others); the first experiments in graphology date from the period of the Renaissance (the work of the Italian scholar C. Baldo, 1622). As a special discipline, graphology arose in the second half of the 19th century in France (J. Michon, who introduced the term “graphology” in 1872; Crépieux-Jamin); handwriting was regarded at this time as a system of stable written traits each corresponding to a particular character trait. At the end of the 19th century the German school of graphology was formed (G. Meyer, W. Preyer and especially L. Klages); in opposition to the isolated interpretation of separate traits, the concept was developed of the double meaning and even multiple meaning of each separate written sign, the concrete meaning of which could be determined only on the level of analysis of handwriting as a “total form” (Klages). Along with other methods, such as tests, graphological data are used for the study in psychology, medicine, and criminal law of the individual characteristics of a person as a method of psychological and physiological diagnosis.

IU. N. POpov

Graphology in criminal law. The Italian scientist C. Lombroso thought that handwriting was an innate and invariable human function and that it allows one to distinguish the traits which characterize the “criminal type” (this concept became one of the bases of the anthropological school of criminal law).

While rejecting these ideas about handwriting as an innate function of the human organism, contemporary criminologists study the process of the formation of handwriting, which has a specific and habitual character, and also investigate the various correlations between handwriting and the personality of the writer—such as the difference between the handwriting of men and women and between that of children and old people, as well as the professional peculiarities of many elements of the written discourse of the writer.

A. I. VInberg

REFERENCE

Michon. J. H. Système de graphologie. Paris, 1875
Klages. L. Handschrift und Charakter, 25th printing. Bonn, 1965.
Pulver, M. Symbolik der Handschrift, 6th printing. Zürich, 1955.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lecture to the Georgia Dowsers Association by Victor Clark, M.S.Ed., explaining handwriting analysis as consciousness in motion.
Graphology, or handwriting analysis in some form can be dated to the time of ancient Greece and Rome.
Archives and Special Collections, a library within the University of Louisville Libraries, seeks a researcher to present or publish a scholarly paper or article in one or more of the following: * handwriting * handwriting analysis * questioned document examination * the work of Klara Goldzieher Roman and/or Thea Stein Lewinson Researchers may work in established graphology or handwriting practices or programs.
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Security management can use the psychological profiles generated from a handwriting analysis as both preventive and reactive instrument to
He said: a In consideration of the long term objectives of the ongoing reform programme, we are desirous of enhancing our capacity, through training in the areas which include: Election security management, Ballistic analysis, Handwriting analysis, forensic examination, crime scene management, interview techniques, counter terrorism, special operations, intelligence and crime analysis, terror financing investigation, cyber crimes investigation and post blast investigation.
The world of handwriting analysis is an intricate and deeply nuanced place.
But FSA said: "Handwriting analysis showed that the letter was probably written by Mr Kusi-Appiah."
She was an avid Bridge player, public speaker, a professional clown "Bubbles the Clown", she performed handwriting analysis, taught yoga, taught sign language, and graduated from Brail University with a certificate in Brail Writing.
Some firms swear by the use of such methods as psychometric tests or handwriting analysis. However, I believe there can be no substitute for good, old-fashioned interviews where both parties probe the other for their respective strengths and weaknesses.
from Catholic University of America, Washington, DC and a Masters in handwriting analysis from the International Graphoanalysis Society, Chicago, IL.
Lewes crown court heard that Freed was arrested after DNA and handwriting analysis led police to her home in Littlehampton, West Sussex.