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see HankoHanko
or Hangö
, city (1996 pop. 10,623), Southern Finland prov., SW Finland, at the tip of the Hanko peninsula on the Baltic Sea. A popular bathing resort and a manufacturing town, it is the most important winter port in Finland.
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, Finland.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Finnish, Hanko; Russian, Gangut), a peninsula in the extreme southwest of Finland.

Settlements on the Hangö Peninsula are first mentioned in written sources in the 13th century. From the late 13th century until 1809, the area was under Swedish rule. During the Northern War of 1700–21, the Russian Navy won a major victory over the Swedes in the battle of Hangö (1714). From 1809 to 1917 the pen-insub was part of the Russian Empire. In December 1917 it became part of the Republic of Finland.

Under the peace treaty of 1940 that ended the Winter War, Finland agreed to lease Hangö to the USSR for 30 years; a naval base was built on the peninsula. For 165 days, from the beginning of the Great Patriotic War until December 1941. the garrison of the base heroically defended the peninsula and the nearby islands.

Before attacking the USSR, the fascist German command demanded of the Finns the swift seizure of Hangö. For this purpose, the Hangö Shock Group was formed; the group consisted of about two divisions and was supported by coastal and field artillery (153 artillery pieces) and air and naval forces. Hangö, which was an important support base on the outlying approaches to Leningrad, was defended by the 8th Special Rifle Brigade (commander, N. P. Simoniak), a border guard detachment, engineering units, coastal artillery (47 artillery pieces), antiaircraft artillery (48 artillery pieces), an air detachment (20 planes), and a maritime guard unit (seven cutters and 16 auxiliary vessels); the forces totaled 25,000 men and were under the command of Major General S. I. Kabanov.

In the early hours of July 1, 1941, an attempt was made to take Hangö by storm but was defeated. The enemy thereupon undertook a prolonged seige and systematically pounded the area with artillery and mortar fire. The Soviet forces carried out an aggressive defense and sent landing parties to the nearby islands; 18 islands were cleared of the enemy between July 5 and October 23.

After the Soviet forces withdrew from Tallinn on August 28, the position of the defenders of Hangö became less secure; in winter the coast would be icebound, thus creating additional problems for the defense of the base. The serious situation that developed outside Leningrad in late October 1941 required that all forces, including those that were protecting Hangö, be concentrated in Leningrad for the defense of the city. By a decision of the General Headquarters, the base on Hangö was evacuated between October 26 and December 2; the ships of the Baltic Fleet that removed the Soviet troops and matériel had to contend with adverse circumstances, including an icy sea, stormy weather, and mines and other enemy countermeasures. By December 5, however, more than 22,000 men, together with matériel, had been transported to Leningrad. The heroic defense of Hangö had kept two enemy divisions near the peninsula, thus reducing the size of the forces that could be used at that time for the attack on Leningrad.

In accordance with the peace treaty of 1947 with Finland, the USSR relinquished its rights to lease Hangö Peninsula.


Kabanov, S. I. “Khanko.” In the collection Voiuet Baltika. Leningrad, 1964.




(Finnish, Hanko; Russian, Gangut), a city and port in southern Finland, in the lääni (province) of Uusimaa; located on the Hangö Peninsula, near the mouth of the Gulf of Finland of the Baltic Sea. Population, approximately 10,000 (1970). Hangö is a seaside resort and seaport, particularly for foreign trade. The port is in use chiefly during the winter, when navigation is maintained with the help of icebreakers. The city is a fishing center. Hangö has a bicycle factory.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ipinge, Kazera, Hango, and Gao-Naseb appeared Wednesday before the Otjiwarongo Magistrate, Eduard Kesslau who explained their legal rights to engage a lawyer of their own choice; defend themselves in court or apply for a State funded lawyer through the Ministry of Justice's Directorate Legal Aid.
If you are inspired by Julia Hango's work, like her page SiKnature Photography on Facebook, follow her on Twitter @Juliart7 and on Instagram@juliart_photography / @masturbatoriumpodcast / @plant_adoption_nam / @Bon_up_a_tree
Language abilities and literacy requirements are observed to affect immigrants' full participation in the workplace and higher education with "about 45% of the foreign-born in the lower literacy range (level 2 or below), while 16% of the Canadian born were in the same situation" (Hango, 2014, p.
Hango, D., 2015, "Gender Differences in Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (STEM) Programs at University." [Statistics Canada].
In -52kg weight Ishrat of Kohat beat Aysha of Hangu by taking gold medal, in the -57kg weight Sehrish of Koaht won gold medal, Sairial of Hango won silver medal.
Pedro I combatia simultaneamente a los suecos, a quienes vencio en 1714 en Hango, cuando ya San Petersburgo se habia convertido en la capital del Imperio ruso.
"Sa palagay ko kasi mas nag-e-enjoy ang mga tao kapag ang mga eksena sa pelikula ay hango sa katotohanan.
Hango (11) reported that CV is associated with mental health problems and marijuana use among emerging adults aged 15-29 years.
The 1.9 kilometers Kohat Tunnel was completed in 2004, and connects the southern districts, including Kohat, Bannu, Karak, Hango, Parachinar, Lakky Marwat and D.I.Khan Cities, to provincial head quarter, Peshawar.
Yet, scholars have hardly investigated on how marriage affects women's education, except few who argue that early marriage/childbearing and parenthood have a negative impact on women's attainment of education after marriage (Teachman & Polonko, 1988; Hofferth et al., 2001; Hango & Bourdais, 2007).
In 2011, women aged 25 to 34 received 66 percent of undergraduate and first professional degrees, yet they obtained only 39 percent of all STEM degrees (Hango 2013b).