(redirected from Hangzhou, China)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms.


(hang`jō`) or


(hăng`chou), city (1994 est. pop. 1,184,300), capital of Zhejiang prov., E China. It is on the Fuchun River at the head of Hangzhou Bay and handles river traffic through its port. It is also a rail hub with important links to Shanghai. Long a famous silk-producing center, Hangzhou has recently been developed into a major industrial complex. Manufactures include silk and cotton textiles, iron and steel products, motor vehicles, pharmaceuticals, cement, rubber, paper and bamboo products, chemicals, machine tools, electronic equipment, and processed tea. Hangzhou's charming natural setting on the shore of scenic Xihu (West Lake) amid high, wooded hills attracts many tourists. Many Chinese officials have vacation homes on the lake.

Hangzhou was founded A.D. 606 and was from 907 to 960 the capital of a powerful kingdom. Many of the city's picturesque monasteries and shrines date from this period. It was the capital of the Southern Sung dynasty from 1132 to 1276, when it was sacked by Kublai Khan. In the Southern Sung period Hangzhou, rich with a thriving silk trade, was a center of art, literature, and scholarship and a cosmopolitan city with a large colony of foreign merchants—Arabs, Persians, and Nestorian Christians. Marco PoloPolo, Marco
, 1254?–1324?, Venetian traveler in China. His father, Niccolò Polo, and his uncle, Maffeo Polo, had made (1253–60) a trading expedition to Constantinople.
..... Click the link for more information.
, who visited it then, described it as the finest and noblest city in the world. It was famous for its splendid buildings before its near destruction (1861) during the Taiping RebellionTaiping Rebellion,
1850–64, revolt against the Ch'ing (Manchu) dynasty of China. It was led by Hung Hsiu-ch'üan, a visionary from Guangdong who evolved a political creed and messianic religious ideology influenced by elements of Protestant Christianity.
..... Click the link for more information.
; it was subsequently rebuilt along mainly modern lines.

The city's modern prosperity dates from the opening of the Shanghai-Hangzhou-Ningbo RR in 1909. It was occupied by the Japanese from 1937 to 1945, and it fell to the Communists in 1949. Hangzhou is the seat of Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou Univ., an agricultural institute, a medical college, and an institute of fine arts. Also in the city are Lingyin Temple, a Zen Buddhist temple founded in A.D. 326; botanical gardens; an art museum; and an astronomical observatory.

Hangzhou Bay is an arm of the East China Sea and begins at the mouth of the Fuchun River. When the tide is coming in, the funnel shape of the bay creates a spectacular bore, which can reach 25 ft (8 m) in height amd sweeps past Hangzhou, menacing shipping. The 22.4 mi (36 km) Hangzhou Bay Bridge crosses the bay between Zhapu (N) and Cixi (S). Zhoushan Archipelago lies across the southern entrance of the bay.


, Hangchow
a port in E China, capital of Zhejiang province, on Hangzhou Bay (an inlet of the East China Sea), at the foot of the Eye of Heaven Mountains: regarded by Marco Polo as the finest city in the world; seat of two universities (1927, 1959). Pop.: 1 955 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The International Wool Textile Organisation (IWTO) is expecting more than 300 delegates from 30 different countries at this year's annual IWTO Congress in Hangzhou, China, on May 09-11, 2011.
The conference in Hangzhou, China follows two previous symposiums Mr.
A replacement hospital encompassing more than 1 million square feet on a dense urban site, the Zhejiang University Medical Center (ZUMC), is affiliated with the School of Medicine of Zhejiang University in Hangzhou, China.
of Hong Kong and The China Film Group Corporation for the production of ``The Secret of the Magic Gourd,'' which began principal photography in Hangzhou, China, in October.
The newest location, for those in need of the master's furnishings, is in Hangzhou, China, a historic port city 100 miles south of Shanghai.
Toshiba currently produces 50,000 units a month at its only domestic factory in Oume, Tokyo, while turning out 320,000 units each month at its two overseas factories: one in the Philippines, and a site in Hangzhou, China, that was brought onstream last April.
in Hangzhou, China, reportedly a major supplier of hydropower generation equipment in China.
Showing their enthusiasm over China's entry into the World Trade Organization and the impact this move could have on their businesses, several Chinese nonwovens producers, such as Hainan Xinlong, Haiku, China, Golden Phoenix and Hangzhou Xinhua, Hangzhou, China, rented large booths.
UCLA Bruins freshman LiAngelo Ball, brother of Los Angeles Lakers rookie point guard Lonzo Ball, along with two teammates, were arrested Tuesday for shoplifting from a high-end retail shop in Hangzhou, China.
GreatStar, based in Hangzhou, China, is one of the largest hand tool manufacturers in Asia, specialising in designing and manufacturing high quality products for DIY, professional and industrial markets globally.
What was once just a way to kill time is now to be made a medal sport in the 2022 Asian Games at Hangzhou, China, as announced by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA).
PaizaBio has announced it has won approval from the Chinese FDA (CFDA) to add new aseptic injectable production capability at its Hangzhou, China manufacturing plant.