Hankou


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Hankou

(hän`kō`) or

Hankow

(hăng`kou`), former city, since 1950 part of the WuhanWuhan
, city (1994 est. pop. 3,519,600), capital of Hubei prov., central China, at the junction of the Han and Chang rivers. The great industrial, commercial, and transportation center of central China, Wuhan comprises (since 1950) the former cities of Hankou, Hanyang, and
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 conurbation, E Hubei prov., China. Built on an alluvial plain on the left banks of both the Han and Chang rivers, it is the largest city in the conurbation and contains its port, a major facility handling oceangoing vessels. The city has many industries. Hankou owes much of its development to the Beijing-Guangzhou RR, which crosses the Chang at Hankou. The city was opened as a treaty port in 1862, held (1938–45) by the Japanese, and in 1949 passed to the Chinese Communists. It is linked by bridges with Hanyang and Wuchang.

Hank’ou

 

a former city in China, in Hupeh Province; since 1956, part of the city of Wuhan. The city was called Hsiak’ou in ancient times and was later known by other names. It was renamed Hank’ou during the rule of the Ch’ing dynasty. In 1858, Hank’ou was opened to foreign trade. In 1861 a concession was granted to Great Britain, and later concessions were granted to France, Japan, Germany, and tsarist Russia.

In the autumn of 1911, during the Hsin-hai revolution, fierce battles were fought near Hank’ou between revolutionaries and government troops. Chinese Communists led the Peking-Hank’ou strike of 1923 from Hank’ou. During the revolution of 1925–27, the revolutionary government was located in the city from December 1926 to July 1927. From December 1937 to October 1938, Hank’ou was the provisional capital of the Chinese Republic. From October 1938 through August 1945 it was occupied by Japanese troops. Hank’ou was liberated from the Kuomintang by the People’s Liberation Army of China in May 1949.

E. A. BELOV

References in periodicals archive ?
It breeds in Eastern Liaoning Province near Chao Yang and in northeast Hebei Province near Qinhuangdao in China, and winters in reedbeds in Hubei Province along the Lower Yangtze River near Hankou (De Schauensee 1984).
Experts believe the bees were attracted by pollen and natural plant extracts used in the sun screen cream issued to the students at Hankou College in Wuhan, central China.
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Focusing on the military and social importance of Wuhan in 1938, the book starts with a brief description of the physical setting of prewar Wuhan, and emphasizes particularly the dynamic relationship among Wuchang, Hankou, and Hanyang, the tri-cities that constitute modern Wuhan.
Hubei Province-based Wuhan Urban Commercial Bank has been renamed as Hankou Bank as part of its plans to attract overseas strategic investors and list on the stock market.
Numerous significant ethnographic and historical studies of migrant workers in Tianjin, Shanghai, Subei, Hankou, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Beijing document the crucial role that native-place networks play in providing financial and emotional support and in organising protests and strikes.
The report detailed various attempts to smuggle arms from China to India, outlined German efforts to recruit Chinese Muslims to launch a holy war against the British in India, and identified German efforts to recruit emigrant Indian laborers in Hankou and Tianjin to the cause of Indian insurrection (Dignan 1983).
On April 13,1958, "patriotic" bishop Li Daonan of the neighboring Diocese of Puqi performed the consecration of the two bishops in the Hankou cathedral.
9) William Rowe notes the same sort of phenomenon in Hankou.
It has signed management agreements for Jumeirah Haikou Resort, on a private island in Hainan, Jumeirah Wuhan in a city centre location near Hankou, and Jumeirah Nanjing in the new Hexi business district.
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At present, CapitaMalls Asia has two malls in Wuhan: CapitaMall Minzhongleyuan, which is operational and CapitaMall Wusheng, which will be opened later this year and both are located in the Hankou area.