Hans Memling


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Memling, Hans

 

Born circa 1440, in Seligenstadt, Hesse; died Aug. 11, 1494, in Bruges. Flemish painter.

Memling may have studied with Rogier van der Weyden. From 1465 he worked in Bruges. His works are distinguished by their serenity and clear colors. The religious scenes are reminis-cent of genre paintings of the burghers’ milieu (for example, the Chatsworth Triptych showing the Virgin and Child with the saints and donors [those who commissioned the painting], 1468, the National Gallery in London; and the panels for the St. Ursula shrine, 1489, Memling Museum, Bruges). However, in his works Memling somewhat rigidified the techniques of old Netherlandish painting. This dogmatic approach is particularly evi-dent in The Last Judgment, in which the artist achieved some monumentally of image (c. 1473, altar of the Church of the Virgin Mary, Gdansk). An especially noteworthy work is Bathsheba, a life-sized female nude, a rare subject in Flemish painting (c. 1485, Museum of Baden-Wiirtemberg, Stuttgart). In Memling’s portraits, most of which depict his patrons, the humanistic elements of his art are most clearly revealed.

REFERENCES

Nikulin, N. N. “Altar’ Gansa MemlingaStrashnyisud. “Iskusstvo, 1960, no. 12, pp. 62-69.
Friedlander, M. J. The Early Netherlandish Painting [vol. 6, part 1:“Hans Memling”]. Leiden-Brussels, 1971. (With bibliography; translated from German.)
McFarlaine, K. B. Hans Memling. Oxford, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Figura 5 * Hans Memling. Vaso de flores (verso de um retrato), (cerca de 1480-1490), oleo sobre madeira, 28,5 x 21,5.
A variation on the individual "stations of the cross" is evident, for example, in "Scenes from the Passion of Christ" by Hans Memling (c.
The chances are many people will not have heard of the 15th century German-born but Flemish-based Hans Memling, described as "one of Europe's most brilliant and enigmatic painters".
Hans Memling; master painter in fifteenth-century Bruges.
Among thirty or so paintings by modern masters, he owned a Saint John the Baptist, dated 1470, by Hans Memling, a Circumcision by Mantegna, the martyrdom of San Sebastiano again by Mantegna (now in Ca' d'Oro), a portrait of himself as a young man "in the court of the Duke of Urbino" by Raphael (perhaps to be identified with a portrait now in Budapest), and a portrait of Sannazaro by Sebastiano del Piombo.
* Grant Wood was strongly influenced by the Northern masters, especially Hans Memling and Jan van Eyck.
In Flanders tapestries were designed by the most important artists of the day, including Jan van Eyck, Roger van der Weyden, Dirk Bouts, and Hans Memling, and weaving these copious collections took years.
Van Eyck's star was thrown into the shade by Rossetti's discovery of an artist of a generation later, Hans Memling or Memlinc (1435-94), who worked in Bruges for most of his life.
In the 15th Century, it enjoyed a new era of luxury and prosperity when arts and banking flourished and famous painters including Jan van Eyck and Hans Memling had their ateliers there.
The city's best museum is the Boijmans van Beuningen (admission pounds 5), with a superb collection of works by Rembrandt, Breugel, Reubens, Hieronymus Bosch and Hans Memling. There's a pleasant garden at the rear, which is good for summer picnics.