Hans Nielsen Hauge

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hauge, Hans Nielsen


Born Apr. 3, 1771, on the Hauge estate, near Fredrikstad; died Mar. 29, 1824, on the Bredtvedt estate, southeastern Norway. Norwegian preacher.

A peasant’s son, Hauge was strongly influenced by pietism. After experiencing a spiritual crisis, he turned toward mysticism and in 1796 became a traveling preacher; by 1804 he had traversed the country eight times. Criticizing the internal condition of the state Lutheran church, he called for a religious renaissance. At the same time he was a successful entrepreneur, and in 1801 he became a city resident of Bergen. Hauge’s paper manufacturing enterprise in the Drammen district was for a time the center of the Hauge movement. Hauge was arrested several times; he was under investigative confinement from 1804 to 1811, during which time he lost everything he had and became seriously ill. In 1814 he was sentenced to pay a fine for illegal preaching. In the same year he took up residence on the Bredtvedt estate (the “Mecca” of the Hauge movement); there he regained his wealth and became the acknowledged leader of a religious movement.


Udvalgte skrifter, 3rd ed. Bergen, 1910.
Skrifter. Oslo, 1947.


Breistein, D. H. N. Hauge. Bergen, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hans Nielsen Hauge (1771-1824) was the first Norwegian layman who organized ordinary people to hold prayer meetings in their homes.
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