Born June 2, 1887, in Mainz; died Aug. 5,1962, in Sölden, near Freiburg, Federal Republic of Germany. German geologist.
After graduating from the Justus Liebig University in Giessen in 1909, Schneiderhöhn worked as an assistant at the University of Berlin from 1909 to 1914. From 1914 to 1919 he conducted a study of the regional geology and ore deposits of southwestern Africa. Beginning in 1920, he was a professor at the Justus Liebig University. In 1924 he was named director of the Mineralogical Institute of the Technische Hochschule in Aachen. From 1926 to 1955 he was a professor and director of the Geological Institute of the Albert Ludwig University in Freiburg.
Schneiderhöhn’s principal works dealt with the development of optical methods of studying ores using a polarizing microscope in beams of reflected light and with the investigation of the origin of ore deposits. Schneiderhöhn substantiated the sedimentary origin of ores in the cuprous sandstones of Africa, the volcanic-sedimentary origin of the copper pyrite deposits of Germany, and the regenerative origin of the ore deposits of the Alpide and Pacific geosynclinal belts. He was the author of well-known textbooks on the geology of ore deposits (1931,1941).
Schneiderhöhn was a member of scientific societies and academies of sciences of various countries.
WORKSIn Russian translation:
Rudnye mestorozhdeniia. Moscow, 1958.
REFERENCESSokolov, G. A. “Gans Shneiderkhen.” Geologiia rudnykh mestorozhdenii, 1963, no. 3.
Cissarz, A. “Hans Schneiderhöhn.” Neues Jarhbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen, 1957, vol. 91, pp. 1–8.
V. I. SMIRNOV