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Born Oct. 2, 1839, in Bernau, Baden; died Nov. 7,1924, in Karlsruhe. German painter and engraver.
Thoma studied in an art school in Karlsruhe from 1859 to 1866 and was a professor at the Karlsruhe Academy of Fine Arts from 1899 to 1916. His realistic landscapes, portraits, and scenes from country life, which are noted for their rich, full-bodied color, are painted in a distinctive national romantic style. Typical examples include The Evening Hour (1868; Kunsthalle, Hamburg), Black Forest Landscape (1872; National Gallery, Berlin), and Self-portrait (1880; Picture Gallery, Dresden). His later symbolic religious pictures reveal the influence of A. Boecklin, especially in their use of fantastic elements and stylization, for example, Adam and Eve (1897; the Hermitage, Leningrad).