Hans Vaihinger

Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vaihinger, Hans


Born Sept. 25, 1852, in Nehren, near Tübingen; died Dec. 18, 1933, in Halle. German idealist philosopher.

Vaihinger became a professor of philosophy at the University of Strasbourg in 1883 and at the University of Halle in 1906. He was the author of Commentary to Kant’s “Critique of PureReason” (vols. 1–2, 1881–82). He founded the journal Kant-Studien in 1897 and the Kant Society in 1904. Vaihinger’s main work, The Philosophy of “As If” (1911), was written under the influence of Kant, who had proposed using the fundamental philosophical ideas (spirit, world, god) “as if” (als ob) their objects were real (see Soch., vol. 3, Moscow, 1964, pp. 571–72). In his book Vaihinger developed the subjective idealist concept of fictionalism, or “critical positivism.” He considered scientific and philosophical concepts (“atom,” “infinitesimal,” “absolute,” “god,” and others) to be fictions that have no theoretical value but are important in practice. Thus Vaihinger came to agnostic conclusions about the impossibility of knowing reality as it is “in fact” and admitted that sensations are the ultimate evidence accessible to knowing.


Hartmann, Dühring und Lange. Iserlohn, 1876.
Pessimismus und Optimismus. Berlin, 1924.
In Russian translation:
Nitsshe kakfi losof. St. Petersburg, 1913.


Bakradze, K. S. Ocherki po istorii noveishei i sovremennoi burzhuaznoi filosofii. Tbilisi, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vejamos como Hans Vaihinger em A filosofia do como se, (2011), aponta a forca da ficcao como elemento que antecede a precipitacao na realidade, de ideia e suas possiveis formas correspondentes:
He covers useful truths: lessons from Hans Vaihinger, a measure of belief: lessons from Frank Ramsey, and political ideals: lessons from John Rawls.
We are given summaries of (for example) Fritz Mauthner's views about the inability of language to capture reality, Hans Vaihinger and Wallace Stevens on the unavoidability of believing in fictions, the neo-pagan religiosity of Carl Jung and Ernst Haeckel, and the dystopian fiction of J.G.
Saler derives his title from the 1911 "Fictionalist" manifesto of philosopher Hans Vaihinger, The Philosophy of "As If." Working from Vaihinger, Saler describes an "as if" mentality that allowed for more proximity between imaginative fiction and scientific hypothesis than earlier generations had conceived as plausible.
El compilador pone de relieve que lejos de ser nuevas en la filosofia de la ciencia, estas ideas se remontan a los escritos de Hans Vaihinger, filosofo aleman de principios del siglo XX.
He is not, that is, a precursor to Hans Vaihinger. I think that we are closer to Calvin when we turn to Giorgio Agamben's interpretation of St.
influenced by the German philosopher Hans Vaihinger's The